Wildlife Responses to Climate Change: North American Case Studies

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Stephen H. Schneider, Terry Louise Root
Island Press, 2002 - Nature - 437 pages
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Wildlife Responses to Climate Change is the culmination of a three-year project to research and study the impacts of global climate change on ecosystems and individual wildlife species in North America. In 1997, the National Wildlife Federation provided fellowships to eight outstanding graduate students to conduct research on global climate change, and engaged leading climate change experts Stephen H. Schneider and Terry L. Root to advise and guide the project. This book presents the results, with chapters describing groundbreaking original research by some of the brightest young scientists in America. The book presents case studies that examine: ways in which local and regional climate variables affect butterfly populations and habitat ranges how variations in ocean temperatures have affected intertidal marine species the potential effect of reduced snow cover on plants in the Rocky Mountains the potential effects of climate change on the distribution of vegetation in the United States how climate change may increase the susceptibility of ecosystems to invasions of non-native species the potential for environmental change to alter interactions between a variety of organisms in whitebark pine communities of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem Also included are two introductory chapters by Schneider and Root that discuss the rationale behind the project and offer an overview of climate change and its implications for wildlife.Each of the eight case studies provides important information about how biotic systems respond to climatic variables, and how a changing climate may affect biotic systems in the future. They also acknowledge the inherent complexities of problems likely to arise from changes in climate, and demonstrate the types of scientific questions that need to be explored in order to improve our understanding of how climate change and other human disturbances affect wildlife and ecosystems.Wildlife Responses to Climate Change is an important addition to the body of knowledge critical to scientists, resource managers, and policymakers in understanding and shaping solutions to problems caused by climate change. It provides a useful resource for students and scientists studying the effects of climate change on wildlife and will assist resource managers and other wildlife professionals to better understand factors affecting the species they are striving to conserve.
  

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Contents

Climate Change and Its Effect on Species Range Boundaries A Case Study of the Sachem Skipper Butterfly Atalopedes campestris
57
Butterflies as Model Systems for Understanding and Predicting Climate Change
93
Historical Studies of Species Responses to Climate Change Promise and Pitfalls
127
Community Responses to Climate Change Links Between Temperature and Keystone Predation in a Rocky Intertidal System
165
Testing Climate Change Predictions with the Subalpine Species Delphinium nuttallianum
201
Modeling Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Spatial Distribution of Vegetation in the United States with a Probabilistic Biogeography Appro...
251
Climate Change and the Susceptibility of US Ecosystems to Biological Invasions Two Cases of Expected Range Expansion
277
Climate Change Whitebark Pine and Grizzly Bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem
343
Climate Change and WildlifeA Look Ahead
415
Contributors
421
Index
425
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Page 12 - the balance of evidence suggests a discernible human influence on global climate' [5], and was sufficiently confident by the time of the Third Assessment Report to conclude that 'there is new and stronger evidence that most of the warming observed over the last 50 years is attributable to human activities...
Page 47 - Climate change has affected the breeding date of tree swallows throughout North America.

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About the author (2002)

Stephen H. Schneider is professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Stanford University. His research on climate change and fostering public understanding of it have earned him a MacArthur Fellowship and the AAAS/Westinghouse Award for Public Understanding of Science and Technology.

Terry L. Root is associate professor in the School of Natural Resources and Environment at the University of Michigan, and has served as a Pew Scholar in Conservation and the Environment. In 1990, she was awarded the prestigious Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation.

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