## Land Surveyor Reference ManualHere is an all-in-one study resource for the Fundamentals of Land Surveying exam. Using this book, aspiring land surveyors will understand exam concepts and learn the best approach to working problems like those they will encounter on the actual test. The Land Surveyor Reference Manual provides more than 250 solved example problems, more than 350 practice problems, and test-taking strategy. Extra features of this book are hundreds of illustrations, tables, charts, and formulas, as well as a comprehensive index. fully worked-out solutions to all practice problems are included. The first test in the two-part surveying licensing process, the Fundamentals of Land Surveying (FLS/LSIT) exam is typically taken by upper-level students or recent graduates, in April or October. This eight-hour exam is all multiple-choice and is closed-book except for a handout provided in the examination room. The Land Surveyor Reference Manual is the core book examinees use to prepare for this test. The manual covers current exam topics concisely but thoroughly. Practice problems (with solutions) accompany every chapter, so examinees can test their understanding. Supplementary products include the Sample Exam, giving examinees the chance to experience a realistic simulation of the test, and 1001 Solved Problems, because nothing beats more practice. |

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### Contents

Practice Problems 112 | 2-1 |

Parallel Lines | 2-2 |

Transversal | 2-3 |

Copyright | |

181 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

azimuth bearing angle boundary called centerline central angle chord circle computed contour lines Convert coordinates corners correction crosshair decimal deflection angles determined elevation equal error of closure Example factors field notes Figure Find the area foot formula forward chainperson fraction ft long geodetic grid Gunter's chain hypotenuse interior angles intersection known land latitudes and departures law of cosines law of sines length latitude departure line bearing length longitude mark measured meridian method monomial multiplied oblique triangle parallel perpendicular plumb plumb bob positive quadrant quadratic equation radians radius rear chainperson related angle right triangle rod reading shown in Fig side signed numbers sin0 slope Solution square stake station subtracted survey surveyor tangent term tion tract trapezoidal traverse ABCDEA triangle ABC TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS trinomial vernier vertical Write the equation y-intercept zero