The nature of social and educational inquiry: empiricism versus interpretation
In a clear, concise fashion, this book describes the underlying issues involved in the current discussion over different approaches (empiricist vs. interpretive, quantitative vs. qualitative, scientific vs. naturalist) to social and educational inquiry. The author shows why the issues are currently of interest, briefly describes the standard empiricist perspective on inquiry, and examines the historical origins of the issues. Additionally, there is a discussion of the relationship of the researcher to the subject matter, the relationship of facts and values, the goal of inquiry, and the role of procedures in the inquiry process. In the final chapter there is a summary of these points in terms of the major question of objectivism versus relativism.
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The Standard View of Science and the Scientific
Laws Explanations and Theory
The Origins of the Current Discussion
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accept accurate approach to inquiry argued attempt basic behavior chapter cial claim Comte conceptual construct construct validity context crucial deductive-nomological defined describe Dilthey discussion distinction dualism Durkheim educational inquiry empirical empiricism empiricist approach ence epistemological event example explanation external externalist fact-value distinction facts and values Gadamer given goal hermeneutics human hypothesis idea important independently existing reality individual inductive reasoning instrument intentions interests and purposes interpretive inquiry investigator issue Kaplan knowledge laws logic of justification logical positivism meaning measure ment methodology Minot natural sciences neutron stars normative objective objectivism observation particular philosophical physical poses position positivism positivist possible precise probabilistic problem procedures pulsars question reason relationship relativism scientific scientific method sense separation situation social and educational social inquiry social reality social science social scientists statements subject matter theory things thought tion tional tive truth understanding validity Weber words