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abridged antiquity archaic Arthur cycle Arthur legend bibliographical body of literature breich Breton lays Brittany Brythonic CELTIC UPON MEDIAEVAL Celtic-speaking Celts Chanson de Roland Charlemagne cycle Chrestien de Troies Christendom Christian civilisation concerned conquest of England Crusades dates derived Duchies of Normandy earlier eighth centuries Erec existence feudal fiction French Arthurian romance French romances Gaston Paris Gawain Geoffrey Geoffrey's History German Grail heroic historic conditions Huon Huon of Bordeaux imaginative literature INFLUENCE OF CELTIC Ireland Irish legend Italy knights Lancelot legendary litera Mabinogion Marie de France Matiere de Bretagne Matiere de France MEDIAEVAL ROMANCE Miss Weston Norman conquest Normandy Ogier Ogier the Dane older organised poems Professor prose ROMANCE BY ALFRED Rome Sagas sixth century social stories struggle Tenth Century Teutonic theme theocratic stage thirteenth century tone and spirit Tristan vols Wales Welsh and Breton Welsh and Irish Welsh literature whilst word written Yvain
Page 6 - Ne sont que trois materes a nul home entendant : De France et de Bretaigne et de Rome la grant; et de ces trois materes n'ia nule semblant. li conte de Bretaigne sont si vain et plaisant. cil de Rome sont sage et de sens aprendant. cil de France sont voir chascun jour aparant.
Page 17 - Arthur certainly represents the straggle of RomanoBritish civilisation against invasive Teutonic heathendom. Some connection there was, slight and fragmentary though it be, between the society championed by Arthur and that of Imperial Rome. Be this as it may, there can be little doubt but that the Brutus element in Geoffrey's History, the story of the Trojan and Roman descent of the British, which seems to us so tedious and so ridiculous, contributed very greatly to its popularity and influence,...
Page 18 - The later works of the Charlemagne cycle are in detail, tone, and spirit often as 'Arthurian' as any purely Breton romance.
Page 21 - Matilda and of Eleanor of Aquitaine. The material and moral enhancement in the status of the great heiresses reacted upon that of all women of the aristocratic class. Throughout the century we find women among the most powerful and influential patrons of certain kinds of literature ; we find them, too, actively promoting an attempt to reorganise social life and social morality in accordance with the ideals set forth in the literature they favoured. Here . . . the Crusades were a contributory cause.
Page 13 - Home scholars have held that to this oral diffusion of the Arthur legend by Breton minstrels is wholly due its spread throughout France, and that the French romance-writers took from their Breton informants little more than a mass of names and a few skeleton plots, furnishing themselves the detailed incident, the form and the animating spirit. But we can detect a written as well as an oral transmission. Many of the names in the French romances not only...
Page 16 - It was welcomed much as the new family might welcome the old portraits, long relegated to '5 the attics, of a yet earlier race than the one it had dispossessed, a race in connection with which it might seek other title-deeds than those of force. And as French rulers of England were among the foremost personalities of the twelfth century, the body of imaginative literature which they patronised was bound, on that score alone, to flourish and prosper.