Foreign trade strategies, employment, and income distribution in Brazil
In this groundbreaking new study, Clements assesses the impact of alternative foreign trade strategies--export promotion and import substitution--on employment and income distribution in Brazil. The first work to evaluate specifically the impact of Brazil's foreign trade policies on income distribution, this volume uses a modified input-output technique to assess income distribution questions.
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TRADE AND THE EXTERNAL SECTOR
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agriculture Alternative Trade Regimes analysis assess average Barrantes Hidalgo Braga Brazil's exports Brazilian Economy Brazilian export CACEX calculated capital incomes capital-intensive Carvalho and Haddad Chapter composition of exports consumption correlation credit subsidies cruzeiro distribution of income distributional performance domestic final demand Económico efficiency elasticity estimates export growth export promotion export subsidies Exportações factor factor of production fiscal incentives functional income distribution Gini coefficient Gini coefficient sectors given Heckscher-Ohlin Heckscher-Ohlin theorem Hence high Gini coefficient IBGE impact of trade implicit tariff import substitutes income distribution income groups increase in final Input-Output Analysis input-output model input-output tables intensive intermediate imports intermediate inputs large firms LDCs low DRCs low Gini coefficient manufactured exports matrix minimum wage Miscellaneous output percent percentage Pesquisa e Planejamento poor real exchange rate relatively Rio de Janeiro self-employed share trade structures Tyler unskilled labor value added Werner Baer