Ecoagriculture: Strategies to Feed the World and Save Wild Biodiversity

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Island Press, 2003 - Business & Economics - 323 pages
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Although food-production systems for the world's rural poor typically have had devastating effects on the planet's wealth of genes, species, and ecosystems, that need not be the case in the future. In Ecoagriculture, two of the world's leading experts on conservation and development examine the idea that agricultural landscapes can be designed more creatively to take the needs of human populations into account while also protecting, or even enhancing, biodiversity. They present a thorough overview of the innovative concept of "ecoagriculture" - the management of landscapes for both the production of food and the conservation of wild biodiversity. The book:examines the global impact of agriculture on wild biodiversitydescribes the challenge of reconciling biodiversity conservation and agricultural goalsoutlines and discusses the ecoagriculture approachpresents diverse case studies that illustrate key strategiesexplores how policies, markets, and institutions can be re-shaped to support ecoagricultureWhile focusing on tropical regions of the developing world -- where increased agricultural productivity is most vital for food security, poverty reduction, and sustainable development, and where so much of the world's wild biodiversity is threatened -- it also draws on lessons learned in developed countries. Dozens of examples from around the world present proven strategies for small-scale, low-income farmers involved in commercial production.Ecoagriculture explores new approaches to agricultural production that complement natural environments, enhance ecosystem function, and improve rural livelihoods. It features a wealth of real-world case studies that demonstrate the applicability of the ideas discussed and how the principles can be applied, and is an important new work for policymakers, students, researchers, and anyone concerned with conserving biodiversity while sustaining human populations.
  

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Contents

Introrluction
3
Cases
6
Wilr l Biorliversity under Threat
9
Boxes
10
Distribution of Wild Species Biodiversity
15
Figures
21
Status of and Trends in Wild Species Populations
23
Agriculture and Human Welfare
31
Biodiversity Setasides on U K Farms
134
Farm Windbreaks as Corridors in Costa Rica
135
Introduction of Cassava in Northern Zambia Reduces Deforestation
141
Increasing Yields of Lowland Rice Reduces Extensive Hillside Farming in the Philippines
142
Regenerating Native Pine Forest Habitat in Honduras through Improved Crop Technology
143
Biocontrol of Cassava Mealybug in Africa
144
Saving Brazils Atlantic Forest through Improved Dairy Farming
145
Increased Biodiversity from Carbon Farming in Mexico
146

Rutal Poverty Reduttion and Economic Development
44
Agriculture anr l Wilr l Biorliversity
51
Modification of Landscapes
59
Habitat Pollution and Degtadation
69
Threats to Wildlife fmm Loss of Farmland Habitats
77
Climate Change Inducrd by Agritultutal Land Use
84
Integrating Biodiversity
87
Biodiversity in Tropical Hillsides
94
Making Space for Wilrllife in Agricultural
115
Buffer Zones to Protect Rhinos and Tigers in a National Park m Nepal
119
Costa Rican Orange Plantation Cooperates with Conservation Area
120
Australian Landcare Groups Plan for Biodiversity Goals
121
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Tanzania
122
Agricultural Gene Sanctuaries Protect Wild Biodiversity in Turkey
123
Marine Reserves Help Both Fish and Fishermen in the Philippines
124
Private Landowners Help Protect Habitat of Amazonian Saki
133
Enhancing the Habitat Value of Prorluctive
149
Pest Control through Intercropping in Yunnan China
156
Managing Flooded Rice Fields for Wildlife Habitat
168
VeterinaryVaccine Combats Lethal Disease of Kudu and Wildebeest
174
Native Perennial Prairie Grains on U S Farms
182
Most Wild Species Have Beneficial or Neuttal Effetts
191
Policy Responses
199
Market Incentives for Ecoagriculture
217
Institutions to Support Ecoagriculture
231
Tables
245
Bringing Ecoagriculture into
249
Glossary
267
References
281
About the Authors
317
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Jeffrey A. McNeely is chief scientist at IUCN-The World Conservation Union in London, and editor of Expanding Partnerships in Conservation (Island Press, 1995). Sara J. Scherr is Senior Policy Analyst at Forest Trends in Washington, D.C.

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