Structural Reform in Japan: Breaking the Iron Triangle (Google eBook)

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Brookings Institution Press, Dec 22, 2003 - Political Science - 167 pages
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In this unusually candid book, Japan's former top financial diplomat asserts the urgent need for wholesale structural reform to revitalize the long-stagnant Japanese economy. Eisuke Sakakibara, whose influence over global currency markets earned him the nickname of "Mr. Yen," envisions a social and economic revolution that encompasses all sectors of Japanese society. Whereas previous analyses of Japanese policies of the past decade focus narrowly on such issues as nonperforming assets and deregulation, Sakakibara provides a new perspective.Japan's economic problems are structural, rather than cyclical, according to Sakakibara. Profitable investment opportunities are hard to find in the dysfunctional corporate sector, where costs are high and income continues to decline. The country's entrenched power elite --the Liberal Democratic Party, the bureaucracy, and vested interest groups --are threatened by reform efforts. It will be difficult to restore economic health to Japan until its political leaders are able to break the grip of this "iron triangle" and implement aggressive, widespread reforms. This book furthers the understanding that structural reform or new institution building in Japan needs an all-encompassing approach that includes the various sectors of Japanese society and the economy. Only with this kind of understanding can pragmatic and meaningful structural reform in Japan be implemented.

  

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Contents

Collapse and Transformation
1
Japans Modernization and Industrialization
12
Formation and Collapse of the Public Construction State
23
From Structural Reform to Institutional Reform
38
Development of Global Corporations
58
The Japanese Banking System and Its Nonperforming Loan Problem
70
Reopening Japan and Reforming the Foreign Policy Regime
87
The Formation of the Japanese Meritocracy System
101
The Central versus Local Government Debate
111
Fundamental Change in Agricultural Policy
129
Health Care Reform
142
Building a New Nation
152
Index
161
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Eisuke Sakakibara served for twenty years in Japan's Ministry of Finance, and was Japan's vice minister of finance for international affairs from 1997 to 1999. He is now the leader of Keio University's Global Security Research Center.

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