The End of the Bronze Age: Changes in Warfare and the Catastrophe Ca. 1200 B.C.

Front Cover
Princeton University Press, 1995 - History - 252 pages
4 Reviews
The Bronze Age came to a close early in the twelfth century B.C. with one of the worst calamities in history: over a period of several decades, destruction descended upon key cities throughout the Eastern Mediterranean, bringing to an end the Levantine, Hittite, Trojan, and Mycenaean kingdoms and plunging some lands into a dark age that would last more than four hundred years. In his attempt to account for this destruction, Robert Drews rejects the traditional explanations - earthquakes, migrations, drought, systems collapse - and proposes a military one instead. Combining fascinating archaeological facts with vivid descriptions of military tactics, Drews presents the transition from chariot to infantry warfare as the primary cause of the Great Kingdoms' downfall. Late in the thirteenth century B.C. the barbarians who until then had been little cause for concern to the Great Kingdoms, and who had served the kings as mercenary "runners" in support of the chariots, awoke to the fact that en masse they could destroy a chariot army. There followed an orgy of slaughter, looting, and destruction. From the ashes arose the city-states of Greece and the tribal confederacy of Israel, communities that depended on massed formations of infantrymen. In making these arguments, the author uses textual and archaeological evidence to reconstruct what actually happened in the Bronze Age chariot battles, as well as the combat that characterized the Catastrophe.
  

What people are saying - Write a review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - NLytle - LibraryThing

The End of the Bronze Age, by Robert Drews, is a good introduction to the catastrophe of the bronze age. The book provides a summary of the events, a map showing the sites, and a critique of the ... Read full review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - AndreasJ - LibraryThing

Around the eastern Mediterranean, the end of the Bronze Age was quite dramatic: within the span of just a few decades, the Mycenaean kingdoms and the Hittite empire collapse, as does the Egyptian ... Read full review

Contents

V
3
VI
8
VII
11
VIII
13
IX
15
X
17
XI
18
XII
21
XXIV
91
XXV
95
XXVI
97
XXVII
104
XXVIII
106
XXIX
113
XXX
129
XXXI
135

XIII
26
XIV
29
XV
31
XVI
33
XVII
48
XIX
53
XX
61
XXI
73
XXII
77
XXIII
85
XXXII
147
XXXIII
157
XXXIV
164
XXXV
174
XXXVI
180
XXXVII
192
XXXVIII
209
XXXIX
227
XL
245
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

Bibliographic information