A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution

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François Furet, Mona Ozouf
Harvard University Press, Jan 1, 1989 - History - 1063 pages
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Two centuries later, the French Revolution—that extraordinary event that founded modern democracy—continues to give rise to a reevaluation of essential questions. The ambition of this magnificent volume is not only to present the reader with the research of a wide range of international scholars on those questions, but also to bring one into the heart of the issues still under lively debate.

Its form is as original as its goal: neither dictionary, in the traditional sense of the word, nor encyclopedia, it is deliberately limited to some ninety-nine entries organized alphabetically by key words and themes under five major headings: events, including the Estates General and the Terror; actors, such as Marie Antoinette, Marat, and Napoleon Bonaparte; institutions and creations, among them Revolutionary Calendar and Suffrage; ideas, covering, for example, Ancien Régime, the American Revolution, and Liberty; and historians and commentators, from Hegel to Tocqueville. In addition, there are synoptic indexes of names and themes that give the reader easy access to the entire volume as well as a key to its profound coherence.

What unifies all the varied topics brought together in this dictionary is their authors' effort to be “critical.” As such, the book rejects the dogmatism of closed systems and definitive interpretations. Its aim is less to make a complete inventory of the findings of the history of the French Revolution than to take stock of what remains problematical about those findings; this work thus offers the additional special quality of incorporating the rich historiographical literature unceasingly elaborated since 1789.

With A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution, François Furet and Mona Ozouf invite the reader to recross the first two centuries of French democracy in order to gain a better understanding of the origins of the world in which we live today.

  

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Contents

Coups dEtat Denis Richet
11
Elections Patrice Gueniffey
44
Federation Mono Ozouf
65
Italian Campaign Denis Richet
81
Kings Trial Mona Ozouf
95
Night of August 4 Francois Furet
107
Revolutionary Journtes Denis Richet
124
Terror Franfois Furet
151
Committee of Public Safety Denis Richet
474
Departement Mona Ozouf
494
Maximum Franfois Furet
504
National Properties Louis Bergeron
511
Revolutionary Assemblies Denis Richet
529
Revolutionary Government Francois Furet
548
Suffrage Patrice Gueniffey
571
IDEAS
593

Vendee Franfois Furet
165
ACTORS
179
Carnot Patrice Gueniffey
197
Groups
324
Enrages Denis Richet
337
Feuillants Ran Halevi
343
Girondins Mona Ozouf
351
Hebertists Denis Richet
363
Monarchiens Ran Halevi
370
Montagnards Mona Ozouf
380
Sansculottes Patrice Higonnet
393
Thermidorians Bronislaw Baczko
400
INSTITUTIONS AND CREATIONS
432
Civil Constitution of the Clergy FrancoisFuret
449
Clubs and Popular Societies Patrice Gueniffey and Ran Halevi
458
Aristocracy David D Bien
616
Centralization Yann Fauchois
629
Democracy Philippe Raynaud
649
Equality MonaOzouf
669
Feudal System Franfois Furet
684
Jacobinism Francois Furet
704
Montesquieu Bernard Manin
728
Nation Pierre Nora
742
Natural Borders Denis Richet
754
Public Spirit Mona Ozouf
771
Republic Pierre Nora
792
Revolution Mona Ozouf
806
Rousseau Bernard Manin
829
Academic History of the Revolution FrancoisFuret
881
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About the author (1989)

François Furet, former president of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, is presently director of the Institut Raymond-Aron in Paris and Professor of History and Social Thought at the University of Chicago.

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