War and society in Europe of the old regime 1618-1789
In the decades leading up to the French Revolution, the armed forces in Europe changed radically. Armies and navies became larger and more expensive and the role of the state in raising, organizing, and paying them grew enormously as the military entrepreneur disappeared. Increasing state control led to a gradual improvement in discipline, and plunder and wanton destruction declined. War, however, had a limited effect on economic progress and growth. In much of central and eastern Europe the harsh imperatives of the quest for military strength were supremely important in moulding society as a whole and giving it a distinctive character. War and Society in Europe of the Old Regime provides a detailed account of how the rise of nationalism and people's armies prepared the way for the dawning of a new age.
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Feudal and quasifeudal forces
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achieved administrative armed forces Austrian battle became Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar Brandenburg-Prussia Britain British campaign captains Catalonia cavalry central civilian colonels commander continued Cossacks decades demands desertion difficult discipline Dutch Republic early economic effect efforts eighteenth century empire England English essential European example expensive fighting fleet foreign fortresses France Frederick French army Germany growth Gustavus Adolphus Habsburg army important increased increasingly infantry kind later least less livres London Louis XIV Louvois meant military militia Moreover naval navy Netherlands nobles normally notably officers onwards Ottoman Empire paid peace peasant period Peter population prisoners produced professional provinces raised rank recruits regiments Revolution ruler Russia Russian army scale seen seventeenth century ships siege significant society soldiers sometimes southern Netherlands Spain Spanish Netherlands Spanish Succession strength suffered supply Sweden Swedish territory trade victory warfare western Europe