The Jews of the Middle East and North Africa in Modern Times
Reeva S. Simon, Michael M. Laskier, Sara Reguer
Columbia University Press, 2003 - History - 549 pages
Despite considerable research on the Jewish diaspora in the Middle East and North Africa since 1800, there has until now been no comprehensive synthesis that illuminates both the differences and commonalities in Jewish experience across a range of countries and cultures. This lacuna in both Jewish and Middle Eastern studies is due partly to the fact that in general histories of the region, Jews have been omitted from the standard narrative. As part of the religious and ethnic mosaic that was traditional Islamic society, Jews were but one among numerous minorities and so have lacked a systematic treatment.
Addressing this important oversight, this volume documents the variety and diversity of Jewish life in the region over the last two hundred years. It explains the changes that affected the communities under Islamic rule during its "golden age" and describes the processes of modernization that enabled the Jews to play a pivotal role in their respective countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The first half of the book is thematic, covering topics ranging from languages to economic life and from religion and music to the world of women. The second half is a country-by-country survey that covers Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel/Palestine, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Yemen, Egypt, the Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco.
History of the Jews in the Middle East and North Africa from the Rise of Islam Until 1700
Europe in the Middle East
Community Leadership and Structure
Religion Rabbinic Tradition and the Response to Modernity
Jewish Languages Enter the Modern Era
The Ottoman Balkans
Syria and Lebanon
Eretz IsraelPalestine 18001948
Iran and Afghanistan
Egypt and the Sudan