Logics of organization theory: audiences, codes, and ecologies
Princeton University Press, 2007 - Business & Economics - 364 pages
Building theories of organizations is challenging: theories are partial and "folk" categories are fuzzy. The commonly used tools--first-order logic and its foundational set theory--are ill-suited for handling these complications. Here, three leading authorities rethink organization theory.Logics of Organization Theorysets forth and applies a new language for theory building based on a nonmonotonic logic and fuzzy set theory. In doing so, not only does it mark a major advance in organizational theory, but it also draws lessons for theory building elsewhere in the social sciences. Organizational research typically analyzes organizations in categories such as "bank," "hospital," or "university." These categories have been treated as crisp analytical constructs designed by researchers. But sociologists increasingly view categories as constructed by audiences. This book builds on cognitive psychology and anthropology to develop an audience-based theory of organizational categories. It applies this framework and the new language of theory building to organizational ecology. It reconstructs and integrates four central theory fragments, and in so doing reveals unexpected connections and new insights.
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actual appeal agent American Sociological Association apply architectural change architectural code argument asperity audience members audience segment auxiliary assumptions bi-implication brewpub Carroll cascade causal stories Chapter classical classical logics Claudia Strauss cluster cognitive psychology cognitive science competition concept contraposition counterfactual conditionals country music craft union crisp set cut rule default defined definition denote density developed dynamic logic E. E. Smith empirical empirical research endowment engagement expected expected values extensional feature values first-order first-order logic formal formal language Frege French cuisine function fundamental niche fuzzy fuzzy set grade of membership Gregory Murphy Hannan hazard of mortality homophily However ical identity implications induced violations intensional consensus intrinsic appeal label language latency legitimation logic logical constants logically equivalent LVMH material implication membership function metric space microbrewer microbreweries middle-range theory might modal modal logic modal operator modus tollens monotonic function monotonically mortality hazard n-tuples natural language near-center nonmonotonic opacity ordered pairs orga organization x organization's organizational ORGANIZATIONAL ARCHITECTURE organizational ecology overlap pair peak appeal Podolny population Porac possible worlds postulate predicate predicate logic premises presumably probability theory producers producers/products propositional logic random variable Randstad realized niche relevant reorganization resource partitioning rule chain schema schemata semantic set theory social codes social movement social positions sociological sociological theory specific structure theorem theory fragments theory of form tion tural typical unit universally quantified universe of discourse variables viscosity well-formed formulas