The Domestication of the Savage Mind
Current theories and views on the differences in the 'mind' of human societies depend very much on a dichotomy between 'advanced' and 'primitive', or between 'open' and 'closed', or between 'domesticated' and 'savage', that is to say, between one of a whole variety of 'we-they' distinctions. Professor Goody argues that such an approach prevents any serious discussion of the mechanisms leading to long-term changes in the cognitive processes of human cultures or any adequate explanation of the changes in 'traditional' societies that are taking place in the world around us. In this book he attempts to provide the framework for a more satisfactory explanation by relating certain broad differences in 'mentalities' to the changes in the means of communication, and specifically to the series of shifts involved in the development of writing. The argument is based upon theoretical considerations, as well as empirical evidence derived from recent fieldwork in West Africa and the study of a wide range of source material on the ancient societies of the Near East.
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abstract Africa Akkadian alphabetic analysis Ancient Greece aspects associated Bagre binary changes characteristics classificatory clearly cognitive complex concepts context cowries creative critical cuneiform script dichotomy discourse discussion distinction Dogon Durkheim earlier elaborate elements epic example formalisation formula Ghana Gonja Goody graphic growth of knowledge hence Horton implications individual influence intrapersonal communication Jack Goody kind language later Levi-Strauss linguistic lists literacy literate LoDagaa logograms magic means ment Mesopotamia mind mode of communication modes of thought myth names nature Needham Neolithic Ninurta non-literate societies Nyoro oral cultures organisation particular primitive classification problem recipes reciters recording reference relationship role scientific scribes semantic sense similar simply social specific speech standardised oral forms structure suggest Sumer Sumerian symbolic tablets tends thinking tion traditional Ugarit University verbal West Africa words writing systems written Zuni