Nathaniel Clements: Government and the Governing Elite in Ireland, 1725-75
Nathaniel Clements (1705â??77), treasury official, politician, Dublin property developer, amateur architect, failed banker and leader of fashion, was the fifth son of a Cromwellian gentry family. He amassed a considerable fortune from office, and over the years spent some Â£70,000 on the purchase of a c.85,000-acre estate in Leitrim, Donegal and Cavan. He was one of the richest men in Ireland at that date and although he remained a commoner, his eldest son rose to be earl of Leitrim. Clements entered the Irish treasury in 1720, at the age of 15, and died at the head of it in 1777. While English politicians and administrators came and went, Clements â?? one of the very few Irishmen at the heart of affairs â?? endured, it seemed, forever. He was, essentially, a harmonizer of British and Irish interests. This is a book about behind-the-scenes government in Ireland. It shows how one small group of hard-working members of the ruling elite dominated public finance, army administration and, to a considerable extent, the social and cultural life of the country. It also explores major issues of political morality, in an age when Clements was by no means unusual in making a fortune out of office and in which public finance and private profit were inextricably entwined.
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the fiscal role of
Family history to 1680
Theophilus Clements 16871728
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2nd earl absentee tax administration agency agent anatomy of Ireland appointed army Arnold Nesbitt bank bankers Bedford Blair Boulter brother Cavan Cavan borough Cavendish Chesterfield chief secretary civil establishment Clements to Wilmot clerk Colonel Conolly death debt deputy vice-treasurer deputy vice-treasurership Devonshire Donegal Dublin Castle duke earl of Leitrim exchequer favour fees Gardiner Gardiner's George Glenboy Gore granted H.J.B. Clements H.T. Clements Harrington Hayton Henry Henry Pelham House of Commons ibid Irish establishment Irish House Irish parliament Irish treasury Jenkinson John Johnston-Liik July June Kiernan king Lady ledgers Ligonier lord lieutenant Malone Manor Hamilton military Nathaniel Clements Nesbitt Newcastle off1ce paid papers parliamentary payment peerage Pelham political PRONI purchase Rathkenny regiments abroad remitted revenue Robert Clements Sackville Sir Ralph Sir Ralph Gore teller Theophilus Clements Townshend Viscount Walpole William