The Columbia Guide to American Environmental History

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Columbia University Press, 2005 - History - 448 pages
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How and why have Americans living at particular times and places used and transformed their environment? How have political systems dealt with conflicts over resources and conservation? This is the only major reference work to explore all the major themes and debates in the burgeoning field of environmental history. Humanity's relationship with the natural world is one of the oldest and newest topics in human history. The issue emerged as a distinct field of scholarship in the early 1970s and has been growing steadily ever since. The discipline's territory and sources are rich and varied and include climatic and geological data, court records, archaeological digs, and the writings of naturalists, as well as federal and state economic and resource development and conservation policy. Environmental historians investigate how and why natural and human-created surroundings affect a society's development. Merchant provides a context-setting overview of American environmental history from the precolonial land-use practice of Native Americans and concluding with twenty-first concerns over global warming. The book also includes a glossary of important concepts, people, agencies, and legislation; a chronology of major events; and an extensive bibliography including films, videos, CD-ROMs, and websites.

This concise reference for students and general readers contains an accessible overview of American environmental history; a mini-encyclopedia of ideas, people, legislation, and agencies; a chronology of events and their significance; and a bibliography of books, magazines, and journals as well as films, videos, CD-ROMs, and online resources.

In addition to providing a wealth of factual information, The Columbia Guide to American Environmental History explores contentious issues in this much-debated field, from the idea of wilderness to global warming.

  

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Contents

The American Environment and NativeEuropean
3
The New England Wilderness Transformed 16001850
24
The Tobacco and Cotton South 16001900
39
Nature and the Market Economy 17501850
59
The Settlement of California and the Great
80
Urban Environments 18501960
100
Chapter? Conservation and Preservation 17851950
120
Chapter8 Indian Land Policy 18001990
140
American Indian Land Use
335
American Indian Religion 34 1
341
Asian Americans and the Environment
346
Environmental Philosophy and Landscape Perception
348
The Environmental Movement
352
The History of Ecology
355
I1 The History of Environmental Science
356
Conservation History and Legislation
358

Chapter9 The Rise of Ecology 18901990
159
The Era of Environmentalism 1940 2000
174
Agencies
191
An Environmental History Timeline
249
Visual Resources
271
Electronic Resources
291
Bibliographical Essay
311
Bibliography
323
Anthologies and Bibliographies
325
Biographies and Autobiographical Writings
327
African Americans and the Environment
332

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About the author (2005)

Edward D. berkowitz is professor of history and public policy and public administration at George Washington University. He is the author of eight books and the editor of three collections. During the seventies he served as a staff member of the President's Commission for a National Agenda, helping President Carter plan for a second term that never came to be.

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