Changing the guard: developing democratic police abroad, Volume 10
From 'failed states' such as Haiti, to countries undergoing political transformation, such as Russia, Afghanistan, and Iraq, democratic reform has grown enormously since the end of the Cold War in 1991. Every day the American government, the United Nations, and other international institutions send people into non-English speaking, war-torn, and often minimally democratic countries struggling to cope with rising crime and disorder under a new regime. These assistance missions attempt to promote democratic law enforcement in devastated countries. But do these missions really facilitate the creation of effective policing? Is it realistic to expect that they succeed? Renowned criminologist David H. Bayley here examines the prospects for the reform of police forces overseas as a means of encouraging the development of democratic governments. In doing so, he assesses obstacles for promoting democratic policing in a state-of-the-art review of all efforts to promote democratic reform since 1991. Assistance to police forces in these hot spots is hugely consequential, but it is also risky and uncertain. The foreign policy of developing and reforming police abroad poses the danger of improving the capability of a major institution of potential repression and thus bringing into disrepute the activities of donors both at home and internationally. These potential risks do not, however, outweigh the necessity of promoting just police forces abroad. Changing the Guard offers an inside look at the achievements and limits of current American foreign assistance, outlining the nature and scope of the police assistance program and the agencies that provide it. Bayley concludes with recommendations for how police assistance could be improved in volatile countries across the world. 'Changing the guard' is required reading as an instruction manual for building democratic policing overseas.
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Problem and Opportunity
Democracy and the Police
Strategies of Reform
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achieve activities administrative advisors Agency for International American assistance assis assistance programs assistance to police Bayley Biebesheimer Bosnia Bosnia-Herzegovina budget Bureau Carothers civilian police community policing CompStat coordinate countries cratic police created crime control criminal justice Dayton Accords demo democracy democratic government democratic police reform democratic reform Department of Justice donors East Timor evaluation foreign assistance foreign police goals Haiti human rights ICITAP impact implementing international community International Crisis Group International Development International Narcotics justice assistance justice sector Kosovo Latin America law enforcement ment military missions Narcotics and Law needs Neild OPDAT organization oversight peacekeeping personnel plans police abroad police agencies police assistance police force police institutions police officers police practices Police Service political post-conflict reconstruction reform assistance requires responsibility rule of law Salvador South Africa strategies tance tion U.S. Agency U.S. Department U.S. government UNCIVPOL United Nations USAID Washington