Women and Sports in the United States: A Documentary Reader

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Jean O'Reilly, Susan K. Cahn
UPNE, 2007 - Social Science - 377 pages
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A spectacular transformation in women’s sports has occurred over the past century in colleges, high schools, and recreational leagues across the nation. Gradual changes during the late 1950s and 1960s within the fields of women’s physical education and amateur sport provided the initial energy for this transformation. But it took the rebirth of a grassroots feminist movement in the late 1960s and 1970s to catalyze the radical changes in women’s athletic opportunities and attitudes toward female athletes. The assimilation of feminist principles into the broader popular culture solidified the belief that sport plays a positive role in the lives of girls and women. Political activists for women’s rights codified this attitude with the passage of Title IX of the 1972 Federal Education Amendments, a law banning gender discrimination in educational settings, thus guaranteeing women’s legal right to an equitable share of athletic opportunities and resources.

Though the sea change in American women’s sports is evident in schools, the media, and local playing fields, scholars are still in the early stages of fully examining the causes and impacts of this historic change. Women and Sports in the United States brings together scholarly articles, journalism, political and legal documents, and first-person accounts that collectively explore women’s sports in America, with emphasis on the post–Title IX era.

This book was published with the generous support of the Center for the Study of Sport in Society at Northeastern University.
  

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Contents

Partl
1
Learned to Ride the Bicycle
15
Politics and Apologies in Womens Sports
23
3
33
Riggs Butchered by Ms King as Promoters Score a Million
41
Part II
51
Rules of Conduct 19431954
59
Throwing Like a Girl
75
I Can See the Finish Line
184
Finding Contradictions at
198
PartV
215
Homophobia Alleged in University of Florida Softball
235
Female Athletes Take It All Off
258
Part VI
263
Sport and Society Broadcast for Friday August 16 1996
281
Its Time to Tell the Bloody Truth
298

Part III
101
Understanding the Female Athlete Triad
114
Eating Disorders and Gymnastics
142
Stronger Women
159
Part IV
165
Part VII
319
Brown University Agrees to Guarantee Participation Rates
335
In the Spirit of Title IX
348
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

JEAN O’REILLY holds a Ph.D. in English and American Studies from the University of East Anglia in England. She teaches courses on women’s sports films at the University of Connecticut.

SUSAN K. CAHN, Associate Professor of History at the State University of New York at Buffalo, is the author of the award-winning Coming on Strong: Gender and Sexuality in Twentieth-Century Women’s Sports (1994) and is widely recognized as one of the top scholars of women’s sports history.

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