Ancient Mesoamerica: A Comparison of Change in Three Regions
Cambridge University Press, Apr 30, 1993 - History - 300 pages
Mesoamerica has become one of the world's most important areas for research into the emergence of complex human societies. Between 10,000 years ago and the arrival of the Spanish in 1521, some of the most significant changes in the evolution of human societies occurred. These included the emergence of agriculture and sedentary villages, the growth of centralized governments (chiefdoms and states), and the rise of market systems, cities, and highly stratified social systems. In the 1970s and 1980s a number of ambitious research efforts produced exciting data on culture change in Mesoamerica. In this revised and updated 1993 edition of a book first published in 1981, the authors present a synthesis of Mesoamerican prehistory, focusing on three of its most intensively studied regions, the Valleys of Oaxaca and Mexico and the Maya lowlands. An original framework of ideas is developed to explain long-term change in complex societies.
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administrative agricultural archaeological Archaic period architecture Aztec phase Belize Blanton boundaries buildings capital centers central ceramic chiefdoms Classic Period complex discussed distribution Early Early Horizon eastern lowlands economic elite Etla evidence example excavations exchange factors Feinman Flannery and Marcus groups hierarchy highlands households human IIIA IIIB important increased institutions integration interaction Kowalewski larger Late Aztec Late Classic Late Postclassic levels located MacNeish macroregional Main Plaza maize major market systems Maya Mayapan Mesoamerica meters Middle Horizon Millon Monte Alban monuments mounds obsidian Olmec organization Paleo-Indian Patlachique piedmont plant political population growth pottery Preclassic prehispanic problems production regional residential ritual rulers San Jose Mogote San Jose phase Sanders Santley scale settlement pattern social systems societies southern square kilometers strategies structures studies suggest survey Tehuacan Valley Teotihuacan territory Ticoman Tikal tion Tlacolula Tula Valle Grande Valley of Mexico Valley of Oaxaca valley's Yucatan zone