Microclimate: The Biological Environment
An up-to-date and much enlarged edition of this text on the microclimate, emphasizing its effect on plants, animals, and humans. Provides a basis for understanding environmental biophysics, then covers the prediction, manipulation, and management of the climate near the ground.
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Soil Heat Flux and Soil Temperature
Air Temperature and Sensible Heat Transfer
Wind and Turbulent Transfer
Atmospheric Humidity and Dew
Modification of the Soil Temperature and Moisture Regimes
Evaporation and Evapotranspiration
Field Photosynthesis Respiration and the Carbon Balance
absorption advection Agric Agron air temperature albedo alfalfa anemometer animals Appl atmosphere Bavel Bowen ratio calculated carbon dioxide changes Chapter climate cloud coefficient convection cooling corn decrease diffuse earth's effect energy balance equation estimates evaporation evapotranspiration factors field flow flux density forest frost gradient increase influence irrigation layer leaf area leaf area index longwave radiation lysimeter measured metabolic Meteorol meteorological method microclimate Monteith mulch Nebraska occurs ozone perature photosynthesis plant canopies profiles pyranometer range ratio reduced reflection regions relative humidity respiration saturated season sensible heat sensible heat advection sensor shelter shortwave shown in Fig soil heat flux soil moisture soil surface soil temperature soil water solar elevation angle solar radiation sorghum soybean stomatal stomatal resistance stress sugar beets thermal transpiration turbulent vapor pressure vegetation water potential water use efficiency water vapor wavelength wind speed windbreaks yield