Language attitudes towards Kyrgyz and Russian: discourse, education and policy in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan
Language contact between Russian and Kyrgyz speakers in the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic and in present day Kyrgyzstan has historically been a source of conflict. With independence, the young state began its search for a new identity in which language played a crucial role. Communicative and symbolic necessities therefore had to be considered in the formulation of an adequate language policy. This book describes the sociolinguistic processes in independent Kyrgyzstan from an ethno-linguistic perspective and gives an overview of language policy in both the Soviet Union and independent Kyrgyzstan. Drawing on 25 in-depth interviews and observations conducted during two years of fieldwork in Kyrgyzstan, the author explains why, in contrast to the status of titular languages in other former Soviet republics, the Kyrgyz language in Kyrgyzstan is still dominated by Russian after more than a decade of independence.
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History of Language and Education Politics on Kyrgystans Territory
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3Haio 6hao Bishkek CBOH code-switching communication competence in Kyrgyz culture dominant language ecAH ecTb ethnic belonging ethnic group ethnic Kyrgyz explain express feel guage H3bIK H3HK HaAO identity informant interview Isaev KaKHe-TO KbIprbI3CKOM Kirgiz Kirgiziya know Kyrgyz KorAa KOTOpbie Kyrgy Kyrgyz and Russian Kyrgyz language Kyrgyz Republic Kyrgyz schools Kyrgyz speakers Kyrgyzstan language attitudes language classes language competence language contact language group language learning language of instruction language policy language revival language shift learn Kyrgyz linguistic mcHH MeHH monolingual mother tongue motivation native language non-dominant language non-Russian noTOMy nto oneHb perceived perestroika population primary language pyccKHH roBopHTb rural Russian and Kyrgyz Russian competence Russian language Russian schools Russian speaking Russification sian Soviet Union speak Kyrgyz speak Russian status TaKHe teachers tion TOAbKO translated Turkic languages Uzbek