Egypt Under the Khedives, 1805-1879: From Household Government to Modern Bureaucracy

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American Univ in Cairo Press, 1999 - History - 283 pages
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Robert Hunter's Egypt Under the Khedives, brought back into print in this paperback edition, was a pioneering work when first published in the 1980s, as Western scholars began to comb Egypt's national archives for an understanding of the social and economic history of the country. It is now recognized as one of the fundamental books on nineteenth-century Egypt: it is so archivally based and empirically solid that it forms the starting-point for all research. Hunter used land and pension records in Dar al-Mahfuzat, in addition to published archival collections like those of Amin Sami Pasha, to enlarge our understanding of the social dimensions of the politics of the period. A secondary and very important contribution of the work is its explanation of the way in which "collaborating bureaucrat-landowners" aided in the country's subordination to European political and economic dominance in the reign of Ismail. The big chapter on the unraveling of khedivial absolutism is a splendid piece of storytelling, as it explores the wild fluctuations in Egypt's finances, Ismail's desperate gambits to ward off European administrative scrutiny, and the defection of key officials in his regime to the European side.
  

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Contents

The Reconstitution of Government by Muhammad Ali
14
The Reformed Structure of Provincial Administration Under Muhammad Ali
19
Important Court Offices Under Muhammad Ali
20
Principal Units of the Central Administration Under Muhammad Ali
21
Muhammad Alis Ruling Elite
24
The Muhammad Ali Family
26
Administrative Development Under Viceregal Absolutism
35
Major Loans Negotiated During Ismails Reign
39
Lands of Officials in High Government Positions 18491879
105
Increase in Landholding After Ismails Accession
107
Egypts Officials and Their Interests
123
Major Positions Held by Ali Mubarak Pasha
129
Major Positions Held by Muhammad Sultan Pasha
140
Landholdings of Muhammad Sultan Pasha
142
Major Positions Held by Ismail Siddiq Pasha
146
Landholdings of Ismail Siddiq Pasha
151

The Provinces of Egypt in 1878
42
Government Officials Average Tenure in High Office 1848 1879
77
The Formation of the Bureaucratic Elite
80
Egyptian Civil Ranks 1855
81
Turkish Officials in High Government Positions 18491879
86
Egyptian Technicians in High Government Positions 1849 1879 89 12 Egyptian Notables in High Government Positions 18491879
89
Ali Mubarak Pasha 1823241893 125
91
European Officials in High Government Positions 18491879
98
The Mamluk Households of Egypts Grandees 1825
101
Major Positions Held by Muhammad Sharif Pasha
154
Landholdings of Muhammad Sharif Pasha
157
Major Positions Held by Mustafa Riyad Pasha
160
xi
167
aaapart ill The Decentralization of Power 18751879
179
Epilogue
227
Glossary
261
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

F. Robert Hunter is a professor of history at Tulane University

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