Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution: A Factor of Evolution (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Digireads.com Publishing, Jan 1, 2004 - Political Science
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Although born into an aristocratic family who put heavy stock in class rank, Peter Kropotkin is now known as one of the first well-known advocates for anarchist communism. At thirteen, Kropotkin, the son of a prince, became disillusioned with the world of rank and status in which he lived and began exploring alternative realms of thought. His vocal dissention landed him in a Russian prison in 1874. In 1876, he was transferred to a military hospital from which he escaped and fled to western Europe. Through his work as a professional geographer, Kropotkin's ideas and writings about society came about through observing wildlife in Siberia. These observations were what caused him to write "Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution". First published cohesively in London in October of 1902, Kropotkin responded to ideas of Social Darwinism and illustrated the phenomenon of cooperation in nature. His conclusion was that cooperation and mutual aid are in fact the most essential components of survival in both human society and wildlife habitats.
  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION p
5
APPENDIX
10
MUTUAL AID AMONG ANIMALS continued Migrations of small
25
MUTUAL AID AMONG SAVAGES Supposed war of each against
46
MUTUAL AID AMONG THE BARBARIANS The great migrations
66
MUTUAL AID IN THE MEDIÆVAL CITY Growth of authority
84
MUTUAL AID IN THE MEDIÆVAL CITY continued Likeness
101
MUTUAL AID AMONGST OURSELVES Popular revolts at
119
THE ANTS p
158
NESTING ASSOCIATIONS p
159
SOCIABILITY OF ANIMALS p
160
ADAPTATIONS TO AVOID COMPETITION p
161
THE ORIGIN OF THE FAMILY p
163
DESTRUCTION OF PRIVATE PROPERTY ON THE GRAVE p
166
THE ORIGIN OF THE GUILDS p
167
THE MARKET AND THE MEDIÆVAL CITY p
169

MUTUAL AID AMONGST OURSELVES continued Laborunions
139
CONCLUSION p
154
SWARMS OF BUTTERFLIES DRAGONFLIES ETC p
157
MUTUALAID ARRANGEMENTS IN THE VILLAGES OF NETHERLAND AT THE PRESENT DAY p
170
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