London wallpapers: their manufacture and use, 1690-1840
London Wallpapers, first published in 1992, has long been out of print. In this new, revised edition there is a substantially enlarged list of wallpaper manufacturers in all their various guises: stationers, paper stainers, paper hanging manufacturers, paper hangers, even "Thomas William Paul, fancy cabinet maker & paper stainer." The list has doubled in size to nearly 800 names covering the longer period 1690 to 1840. Also included for the first time is a particularly fine water-colour of a hand-block printer at work c.1880, a time when the process had achieved its apogee but had not yet been totally replaced by mechanical printing methods. The book describes the method in which rag-based paper was made for wallpaper use, the manner in which wallpaper was printed using hand-carved wooden blocks - with a detailed description of printing flock papers, a fashion for which has recently re-emerged. There is a brief description of the taxes on wallpaper introduced in 1712 and which still govern the normal length of paper today. The various ways that paper were designed and the methods by which wallpaper was hung are also covered. Finally in the text there is an examination of how the London wallpaper trade worked, looking briefly at one of the great eighteenth century paper strainers, Thomas Bromwich, "at the Sign of the Golden Lyon on Ludgate Hill, near St Paul's Churchyard". The book has 16 black and white pictures, mostly of eighteenth century trade cards used by wallpaper merchants as advertisements and for writing out receipts. Most notably the book has 40 full colour plates of London made wallpapers with descriptions of each paper and the house from which it came.
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Aldermanbury Aldersgate Aldgate animal glue Bishopsgate Block printed Blue Paper Warehouse border Cheapside colour decorative EH ASC eighteenth century English Heritage English Heritage collection fabric flock paper Frame Mark Gilder glue ground Laid paper Hanger & painter High Holborn Isherwood James Paper hanging Jas Paper John Paper hanger John Paper stainer Lane London houses London wallpaper Ludgate Hill Manufacturer & Paper Matthias Darly Montgomery 1984 mould Oxford Street Painter & Paper Paper hanger Paper hanger 18 Paper hanging makers Paper Hanging Manufacturer Paper hanging Warehouse Paper Manufacturer Paper stainer paper-stainers partial sheet pattern piece Plate printed in black Rag Merchant Richard Paper hanging Road Robert Paper Soho Southwark Square Stationer & Paper Stationer and Paper Stationers & Rag Strand Thomas Bromwich Thomas Stationer trade card Upholsterer Upper Thames Street wall wallpaper Wallpaper Manufacturer wallpaper trade Wheeley William Paper hanging William Paper stainer Wm Paper Hanger Yard