Ecological Studies in the Antarctic Sea Ice Zone: Results of EASIZ Midterm Symposium
Wolf E. Arntz, Andrew Clarke
Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Aug 14, 2002 - Science - 277 pages
Ten years ago Polar Biology published the book, Weddell Sea Ecology, containing the European "Polarstern" study EPOS in the Weddell Sea and Peninsula waters 1988/89. In certain respects, the present collection of papers, first published in Polar Biology in 2001, is a follow-up as it combines papers partly based on three "Polarstern" expeditions to the same region. Further articles relate to both land-based and shipborne studies, again primarily in the Atlantic sector and around the Antarctic Peninsula. The SCAR programme, "Ecology of the Antarctic Sea Ice Zone" (EASIZ), served as an umbrella for a truly international cooperation. Although funding came exclusively from national sources, 40% of the scientists on board "Polarstern" were foreigners. Out of the 35 papers of the present volume not less than 14 papers have multinational authorship. The scope of EASIZ is wider ilian the Southern Ocean Studies in JGOFS and GLOBEC. The Contents reflect emphasis on the study of benthos, which hitherto had not received the necessary attention in the attempt to understand key questions of evolution and zoogeography of fauna from the Southern Hemisphere. The information collected under EASIZ enhanced greatly our recognition of the rather high biodiversity of ilie Antarctic shelf benthos. In order to extend these studies to ilie deeper continental slopes and the deep sea, "Polarstern" is presently on her way for ilie first international survey of deep-sea benthos in the Atlantic sector of ilie Southern Ocean.
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Gray JS Keynote address
Allcock AL Piatkowski U Rodhouse PGK Thorpe
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abundance algae algal amphipod Antarct Sci Antarctica Arctic areas Arntz ascidians assemblages benthic benthic communities benthic suspension feeders benthos Ber Polarforsch biomass bottom Brey Broyer carbon chromosomes Clarke coastal Crustacea decapod deep-sea density depth diatoms distribution disturbance diversity dives dominant EASIZ eastern Weddell Sea ecology ecosystems epibenthic fauna feeding filters fish flux genus Gili growth Gutt habitat iceberg scouring invertebrates irradiance isopods King George Island lipofuscin Mar Biol Mar Ecol Prog marine McMurdo Sound meiofauna metabolic nematode number of species observed organic matter oxygen Pareledone particles pattern pelagic photosynthetic phytoplankton plankton Polar Biol polychaete Portner Potter Cove prey pycnogonids Ross Sea RV Polarstern samples sea ice seals seasonal serolid shallow shelf Signy Island Southern Ocean species richness specimens sponges stations surface taxa temperature Terra Nova Bay trawl Trematomus tropical umol undisturbed values water column Weddell Sea