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agglomeration agricultural American cities Austria average Bavaria Belgium Berlin birth-rate births Bleicher born Boston Breslau Budapest census cent centers century city populations city-born commerce communities compared concentration of population crease death-rate deaths decade decrease density distribution dwellings economic emigration England Europe European excess fact factory favorable females figures foreign France Frankfort Germany growth H. L. Smith higher Hungary illegitimacy immigrants industry infant mortality inhabitants labor large cities larger largest Leipzig less Levasseur London males manufacturing marriage married Massachusetts movement native natural increase negroes Netherlands occupations Paris percentage period persons popu proportion province Prussia railway ratio Rauchberg residence result rural districts rural population Saxony Scotland smaller cities social statistics Statistik Stockholm suburbs TABLE tendency tenements tion total population towns township trade United urban population urban sanitary districts Vienna village wards women York York city
Page 212 - Good work is rightly appreciated, inventions and improvements in machinery, in processes and the general organization of the business have their merits promptly discussed: if one man starts a new idea, it is taken up by others and combined with suggestions of their own; and thus it becomes the source of further new ideas.
Page 260 - The inhabitants of the country immediately surrounding a town of rapid growth, flock into it; the gaps thus left in the rural population are filled up by migrants from more remote districts, until the attractive force of one of our rapidly growing cities makes its influence felt, step by step, to the most remote corner of the Kingdom.
Page 478 - a complete interpenetration of city and country, a complete fusion of their different modes of life and a combination of the advantages of both, such as no country in the world has ever seen.
Page 434 - States with all our vices, without bringing with them any of those interests which counteract their baneful influence. As inhabitants of a country where they have no civil rights, they are ready to turn all the passions which agitate the community to their own advantage; thus, within the last few months serious riots have broken out in Philadelphia and in New York.
Page 434 - The lower ranks which inhabit these cities constitute a rabble even more formidable than the populace of European towns. They consist of freed blacks, in the first place, who are condemned by the laws and by public opinion to a hereditary state of misery and degradation.
Page 478 - rise of the suburbs " it is, which furnishes the solid basis of a hope that the evils of city life, so far as they result from overcrowding, may be in large part removed.
Page iv - ... they are more prone to innovation, whether for good or evil. The love of civil liberty is, perhaps, both stronger and more constant in the country than the town ; and if it is guarded in the cities by a keener vigilance and a more farsighted jealousy, yet law, order, and security, are also, in them, more exposed to danger, from the greater facility with which intrigue and ambition can there operate on ignorance and want. Whatever may be the good or evil tendencies of populous cities, they are...
Page iv - THE proportion between the rural and town population of a country is an important fact in its interior economy and condition. It determines, in a great degree, its capacity for manufactures, the extent of its commerce, and the amount of its wealth. The growth of cities commonly marks the progress of intelligence and the arts, measures the sum of social enjoyment, and always implies increased mental activity, which is sometimes healthy and useful, sometimes distempered and pernicious.
Page 474 - The areas of two circles are to each other as the squares of their radii. For, if S and S' denote the areas, and R and R
Page 159 - Evolution is an integration of matter and concomitant dissipation of motion; during which the matter passes from an indefinite, incoherent homogeneity to a definite, coke-rent heterogeneity ; and during which the retained motion undergoes a parallel transformation.