Supplement to Encyclopædia Britannica (ninth Edition): A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature, Volume 4 (Google eBook)

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Henry G. Allen Company, 1889 - Encyclopedias and dictionaries
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Page 414 - In the discussions to which this interest has given rise and in the arrangements by which they may terminate the occasion has been judged proper for asserting, as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.
Page 270 - The Treasurer and Company of Adventurers and Planters of the City of London for the first Colony in Virginia.
Page 270 - A lottery is any scheme for the disposal or distribution of property by chance, among persons who have paid or -promised to pay any valuable consideration for the chance of obtaining such property or a portion of it, or for any share or any interest in such property, upon any agreement, understanding, or expectation that it is to be distributed or disposed of by lot or chance, whether called a lottery, raffle, or gift enterprise, or by whatever name the same may be known.
Page 322 - The law of war does not only disclaim all cruelty and bad faith concerning engagements concluded with the enemy during the war, but also the breaking of stipulations solemnly contracted by the belligerents in time of peace, and avowedly intended to remain in force in case of war between the contracting powers. It disclaims all extortions and other transactions for individual gain ; all acts of private revenge, or connivance at such acts.
Page 322 - Martial Law is simply military authority exercised in accordance with the laws and usages of war. Military oppression is not Martial Law; it is the abuse of the power which that law confers. As Martial Law is executed by military force, it is incumbent upon those who administer it to be strictly guided by the principles of justice, honor, and humanity — virtues adorning a soldier even more than other men, for the very reason that he possesses the power of his arms against the unarmed.
Page 321 - Martial law in a hostile country consists in the suspension, by the occupying military authority, of the criminal and civil law, and of the domestic administration and government in the occupied place or territory, and in the substitution of military rule and force for the same, as well as in the dictation of general laws, as far as military necessity requires this suspension, substitution, or dictation.
Page 226 - ... any false, scandalous and malicious writing or writings against the government of the United States, or either house of the Congress of the United States...
Page 321 - Retaliation. 1. A PLACE, district, or country occupied by an enemy stands, in consequence of the occupation, under the martial law of the invading or occupying army, whether any proclamation declaring martial law, or any public warning to the inhabitants, has been issued or not. Martial law is the immediate and direct effect and consequence of occupation or conquest.
Page 226 - President, or to bring them, or either of them, into contempt or disrepute; or to excite against them, or either or any of them, the hatred of the good people of the United States...
Page 322 - Martial Law should be less stringent in places and countries fully occupied and fairly conquered. Much greater severity may be exercised ' in places or regions where actual hostilities exist, or are expected and must be prepared for. Its most complete sway is...

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