A new approach to English grammar, on semantic principles
Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 1991 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 398 pages
This work offers a fresh approach to grammar, arguing that a speaker "codes" a meaning into grammatical forms in order to communicate them to a hearer. Investigating the interrelation of grammar and meaning, Dixon uncovers a rationale for the varying grammatical properties of different words. He offers a review of some of the main points of English syntax, as well as a discussion of English verbs in terms of semantic types. Finally, he examines five specific grammatical topics: complement clauses in detail; complement clauses, transitivity and causatives; passive construction; promotion of a non-subject to subject slot; and the relation between verb constructions.
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Noun adjective and verb types
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activity Addressee adjective adverb attention verbs become passive subject beginning Causer clause in subject cognate NP complement clause subject constituent copula coreferential with main corresponding decided derived describe direct object direct speech discussed Dyirbal e.g. John e.g. Mary English extraposed followed give a construction grammatical human propensity hyponyms implies inferred inherent preposition intransitive introduced involved John and Mary John gave John's Judgement to complement Judgement to construction kick language lexeme lexical Locus look main clause subject main verb Manip Mary's Message normally Note noun object NP occur omission omitted parenthetical passivised periphrastic phrasal verb possible predicate Primary-B promoted to subject pronoun Recipient refer relative clause Secondary verb Secondary-A semantic difference semantic roles semantic types semi-modal sense speakers speech act subject complement subject function subject slot subtype syntactic relation syntax take a Modal Target transitive verbs walk wanting verbs word yes yes