Molecular Evolution and Adaptive Radiation
Thomas J. Givnish, Kenneth Jay Sytsma
Cambridge University Press, 2000 - Science - 621 pages
Molecular Evolution and Adaptive Radiation surveys recent advances in the study of adaptive radiation by bringing together a set of international experts investigating a wide range of organisms in a variety of geographic settings. Givnish and Sytsma show how family trees derived from molecular characters can be used to analyze the origin and pattern of ecological and morphological diversification within a lineage in a noncircular fashion. They synthesize the recent explosion of research in this area, involving organisms as diverse as epiphytic and terrestrial orchids, water hyacinths, African cichlids, New World monkeys, tropical fruit bats, carnivorous bromeliads, Hawaiian silverswords and fruit flies, North American Daphnia, Caribbean anoles, Canadian sticklebacks, and Australian marsupials. This volume will be of interest to graduate students and professional scientists in ecology, evolutionary biology, systematics, and biogeography.
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adaptive radiation ancestor aquatic Argyranthemum Asteraceae Baldwin behavior biogeography Biology bootstrap breeding Brocchinia callitrichins character-states characters chloroplast chloroplast DNA cichlids clade cladistic convergence correlated cpDNA Daphnia data sets divergence diversification DNA sequences Donoghue Drosophila Dubautia ecological ecomorph endemic epiphytes evidence evolution evolutionary evolved Figure floral flowers forest Francisco-Ortega gene genera genetic genome genus Givnish Guayana Shield habitat Hawaiian drosophilids homoplasy hybridization hypothesis inferred islands key innovation Kinzey Kirsch Lake Malawi leaf Limnetics lineage Maddison marsupials melanacra Meyer molecular data molecular phylogeny Molecular systematics monkeys monophyletic monophyly morphological morphological data nrDNA number of taxa occur origin outgroup Palmer parsimonious patterns phylogenetic phylogenetic analysis plants Platanthera pollination Pontederiaceae populations rates rbcL reconstruction relationships reproductive restriction-site rRNA Sanderson Schluter selection sequence data shifts silversword alliance sister-group Soltis speciation species studies subsp substrate sympatric Sytsma taxon taxonomic tepuis tion topology traits tree twig epiphytes University Press variation