Partners at the Creation: The Men Behind Postwar Germany's Defense and Intelligence Establishments

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Naval Institute Press, 2003 - History - 243 pages
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Working for the Central Intelligence Agency in the years immediately following World War II, the late Critchfield served a central role in working with German generals Reinhard Gehlen and Adolf Heusinger in setting up the West German intelligence service, the BND, and the new armed forces the Bundes
  

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Contents

Fremde Heere OstPrewar and Postwar
21
The U S Occupation of Germany
48
The Jewish Factor in Germany and Austria
68
The CIA and the Gehlen Organization Settle into Pullach
92
The Survivors and the Nonsurvivors under Gehlen
108
Adenauers Search for a National Security Policy
119
The Politics of Acceptance
151
Germanys Acceptance in the West
176
The Founding of the BND
200
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About the author (2003)

James H. Critchfield served as a U.S. Army officer in Europe during World War II, commanding the 2d Battalion of the 141st Infantry, 36th Division, in a final assault across France and Germany in 1944. His numerous military awards include a Silver Star and the Croix de Guerre. He joined the CIA in 1948 and was the principal U.S. officer responsible for overseeing the creation of a new German intelligence service. He then served as chief of the Eastern European, Near East, and South Asia divisions of the CIA and later as a national intelligence officer for energy. From 1973 to 1974, during the oil shortage crisis, he was an energy planner at the White House. His CIA honors include the Distinguished Intelligence Medal and the Trailblazer Award After retirement from the CIA, Critchfield became president of an energy and water company, providing engineering services in the Persian Gulf, and continued as a consultant in the Middle East until 1988. He died in April 2003 in Williamsburg, Virginia

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