The Laggan Army in Ireland, 1640-1685: The Landed Interests, POlitical Ideologies and Military Campaigns of the North-West Ulster Settlers
This book follows the landed interests, political ideologies and military campaigns of north-west Ulster settlers in Ireland between 1640 and c.1685, showing how local politics affected the Irish political situation nationally. After demonstrating (by ethnic origins) the landholding patterns of these people on the eve of the great Irish Rebellion of 1641, it is shown that they responded to the threat generated by this insurrection, by forming themselves into a formidable military fighting corps, which was termed the ‘Laggan Army’. When the King and Parliament went to war on the British mainland in 1642, the ideological divisions surrounding that conflict were slowly transferred to Ireland. This occurred when both the King and parliament sought aid from the settlers in Ireland. Initially the support given by Ulster’s settlers to the sides in England was complicated by the Catholic threat to their estates in Ireland. When Parliament placed the vanquished King on trial for his life, however, the settlers in Ireland quickly polarised into those who supported the King and those who supported the ideologies of the Parliament. The result of this polarisation was that British civil war battles were fought on Irish soil, where settler fought settler over the ideological differences generated by the execution of Monarchy in 1649. This study looks at the fortunes of those settlers who supported the King. Key appendices list: original north-west grantees of confiscated land; landowners in 1641; soldiers and their land allocation in 1649.
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List of tables
landholding patterns in northwest
Covenant or cessation? Settler ideology in northwest Ulster
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49 officers 49 security 524 Johnson William acres arrears barony Bodl Books of Survey British Carte MSS Catholic cessation Coleraine Colonel commissioners Commonwealth Connacht Contemporary history council County County Donegal County Tyrone covenant Cromwell Cromwellian Derry Donegal Dublin Dungannon earl England English Enniskillen estates F F F F F TY F NF F TY TY Fese Fese Fese Fese Self Fese forces Gaelic garrison George Gilbert held this land Henry History of Presbyterian indicates Ireland Irish rebellion James king Laggan Army landholders letters London lords justices MacSweeney Montgomery Munster NF F NF NF NF north-west Ulster O'Neill Owen Roe Owen Roe O'Neill parliament parliamentary plantation of Ulster Presbyterian Church rebels regiments Reid Richard royalist S.Und Scottish settler armies siege of Derry Sir Robert Stewart soldiers Thomas trustees TY F F TY TY F TY TY TY Tyrone west Ulster Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes