The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice

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Oxford University Press, Dec 27, 2011 - History - 227 pages
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Sacrifice dominated the religious landscape of the ancient Mediterranean world for millennia, but its role and meaning changed dramatically in the fourth and fifth centuries with the rise of Christianity. Daniel Ullucci offers a new explanation of this remarkable transformation, in the process demonstrating the complexity of the concept of sacrifice in Roman, Greek, and Jewish religion. The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice challenges the predominant scholarly model, which posits a connection between so-called critiques of sacrifice in non-Christian Greek, Latin, and Hebrew texts and the Christian rejection of animal sacrifice. According to this model, pre-Christian authors attacked the propriety of animal sacrifice as a religious practice, and Christians responded by replacing animal sacrifice with a pure, ''spiritual'' 'worship. This historical construction influences prevailing views of animal sacrifice even today, casting it as barbaric, backward, and primitive despite the fact that it is still practiced in such contemporary religions as Islam and Santeria. Rather than interpret the entire history of animal sacrifice through the lens of the Christian master narrative, Ullucci shows that the ancient texts must be seen not simply as critiques but as part of an ongoing competition between elite cultural producers to define the meaning and purpose of sacrifice. He reveals that Christian authors were not merely purveyors of pure spiritual religion, but a cultural elite vying for legitimacy and influence in societies that long predated them. The Christian Rejection of Animal Sacrifice is a crucial reinterpretation of the history of one of humanity's oldest and most fascinating rituals.
  

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Contents

1 The Problem of Animal Sacrifice
3
Theory and Practice
15
3 Ideal Sacrifice vs the Ideal of No Sacrifice
31
4 Christian Positions on Animal Sacrifice
65
5 A Redescription of Early Christian Positions on Animal Sacrifice
119
Julian and the Rejection of Sacrifice
137
Notes
151
Bibliography
203
Index
217
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About the author (2011)


Daniel Ullucci received his PhD in Religious Studies from Brown University. He has taught at a number of colleges and universities in the New England area, including: Wheaton College, Holy Cross, Bowdoin College ,Wesleyan University, and the University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth. He is currently at Rhodes College. His research focuses on the interactions between early Christian groups and traditional Mediterranean religion.

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