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action Allies American army Assembly Bolsheviks Boudin bourgeoisie bourse du travail British capital capitalist cent cialists class struggle Committee Communist conference Congress Constitution contend corporation Council countries declared delegates demand democracy Deputies dictatorship educational elected ernment ethical Fabian Fabian Society favor Federation forces French Germany guild guild socialism guildsmen hand Hobson Hungary income increased International Socialist Kautsky Labor Party labor power land large numbers League League of Nations left wing majority manifesto Marx mass means ment middle class military modern municipal nomic opposed organized ownership peace Petrograd political present production profit proletariat public ownership railroads Reichstag representatives result revolution revolutionary Russia secure Social Democratic socialist movement Socialist Party society Soldiers Soviet Government Spargo strike surplus value Syndicalism syndicalist syndicat theory tion trade union United urged vote wages workers Zimmerwald Conference
Page 10 - The bourgeoisie, during its rule of scarce one hundred years, has created more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all preceding generations together.
Page 69 - The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
Page 69 - The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. It has but established new classes, new conditions of oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones.
Page 69 - In the earlier epochs of history we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders, a manifold gradation of social rank.
Page 99 - The lower strata of the middle class — the small tradespeople, shopkeepers, and retired tradesmen generally, the handicraftsmen and peasants — all these sink gradually into the proletariat, partly because their diminutive capital does not suffice for the scale on which modern industry is carried on, and is swamped in the competition with the large capitalists, partly because their specialised skill is rendered worthless by new methods of production. Thus the proletariat is recruited from all...
Page 59 - The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the laborers, due to competition, by their revolutionary combination, due to association. The development of modern industry, therefore, cuts from under its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products. What the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable.
Page 108 - ... grows the mass of misery, oppression, slavery, degradation, exploitation; but with this too grows the revolt of the working-class, a class always increasing in numbers, and disciplined, united, organized by the very mechanism of the process of capitalist production itself.
Page 108 - The modern laborer, on the contrary, instead of rising with the progress of industry, sinks deeper and deeper below the conditions of existence of his own class. He becomes a pauper, and pauperism develops more rapidly than population and wealth.
Page 61 - ... the whole history of mankind (since the dissolution of primitive tribal society, holding land in common ownership) has been a history of class struggles, contests between exploiting and exploited, ruling and oppressed classes...