Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution (Google eBook)
Already hailed as a masterpiece, Foundations of Language offers a brilliant overhaul of the last thirty-five years of research in generative linguistics and related fields. "Few books really deserve the cliché 'this should be read by every researcher in the field'," writes Steven Pinker, author of The Language Instinct, "but Ray Jackendoff's Foundations of Language does." Foundations of Language offers a radically new understanding of how language, the brain, and perception intermesh. The book renews the promise of early generative linguistics: that language can be a valuable entrée into understanding the human mind and brain. The approach is remarkably interdisciplinary. Behind its innovations is Jackendoff's fundamental proposal that the creativity of language derives from multiple parallel generative systems linked by interface components. This shift in basic architecture makes possible a radical reconception of mental grammar and how it is learned. As a consequence, Jackendoff is able to reintegrate linguistics with philosophy of mind, cognitive and developmental psychology, evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and computational linguistics. Among the major topics treated are language processing, the relation of language to perception, the innateness of language, and the evolution of the language capacity, as well as more standard issues in linguistic theory such as the roles of syntax and the lexicon. In addition, Jackendoff offers a sophisticated theory of semantics that incorporates insights from philosophy of language, logic and formal semantics, lexical semantics of various stripes, cognitive grammar, psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic approaches, and the author's own conceptual semantics.
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CHAPTER 8 An Evolutionary Perspective on the Architecture
PART III Semantic and Conceptual Foundations
CHAPTER 9 Semantics as a Mentalistic Enterprise
Chapter 10 Reference and Truth
Chapter 11 Lexical Semantics
Chapter 12 Phrasal Semantics
Chapter 13 Concluding Remarks
anaphora approach architecture argument structure aspects behavior brain Cambridge Chapter Chomsky Chomsky's clause clitic Cognitive Grammar Cognitive Science cognitive specialization cognitive structure combination combinatorial competence complex components conceptual structure constituent construction context derivational rules discussion distinction encode English entity example expressed f-mind Fodor formal formation rules function HPSG idioms innate input instance instantiation integration interface IntP Jackendoff language acquisition learning lexical items lexical semantics lexicon linguistic semantics linguistic structure linguistic theory logical long-term memory meaning modularity module morphology neural notation nouns object parallel particular perception phonological phonological structure phonology phrasal phrase structure phrase structure rules polysemy position possible principles problem processing processor proposed qualia question reference referential tier relation role semantic argument sense sentence sort spatial speakers stress syllable syntactic arguments syntactic categories syntactic structure syntax tense thematic roles Universal Grammar University Press utterances variables verb visual words