Union River Ironclad 1861-65
At the start of the American Civil War, neither side had warships on the Mississippi River, which was a vital strategic artery. In what would prove the vital naval campaign of the war, both sides fought for control of the river. While the Confederates relied on field fortifications and small gunboats, the Union built a series of revolutionary river ironclads. First commissioned in January 1862, these ironclads spent the next two years battling for control of the Mississippi, fighting in a string of decisive engagements that altered the entire course of the war. This book explains how these vessels worked, how they were constructed, how they were manned and how they were fought.
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100-pounder rifles 11-inch Dahlgren smoothbores 42-pounder rifles 9-inch smoothbores AMERICAN CIVIL AMERICAN CIVIL WAR Armament Assault on Island attack Battle of Memphis Beam boilers bombarding Centerline paddlewheel Choctaw Cincinnati City class ironclad class ironclad USS Commander Commissioned Confederate ironclad Crew CSS Arkansas damaged December Displacement Donelson Draught Eads Eads Yard fire flagship fleet Fort Donelson Fort Henry Grand Gulf gundeck Henry horizontal engines Illinois ironclad Built James January Launched Lieutenant Lieutenant-Commander Louis Louisville Mississippi River Missouri naval Navy Neosho class October Operational history Operations off Vicksburg Operations on Yazoo Osage Osprey pilothouse Pittsburgh Pook Porter Propulsion Red River Expedition rifle deck gun River casemate ironclad River Expedition March-May river ironclads ships shore batteries shot spar deck Speed stern paddlewheel turret Union river ironclads USNHC USS Carondolet USS Chillicothe USS Mound City USS Neosho USS Tuscumbia vessels warships Western Gunboat Flotilla Western rivers wooden gunboats Yazoo River