A History of the Supreme Court

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Oxford University Press, 1993 - History - 465 pages
3 Reviews
When the first Supreme Court convened in 1790, it was so ill-esteemed that its justices frequently resigned in favor of other pursuits. John Rutledge stepped down as Associate Justice to become a state judge in South Carolina; John Jay resigned as Chief Justice to run for Governor of New York; and Alexander Hamilton declined to replace Jay, pursuing a private law practice instead. As Bernard Schwartz shows in this landmark history, the Supreme Court has indeed travelled a long and interesting journey to its current preeminent place in American life.In A History of the Supreme Court, Schwartz provides the finest, most comprehensive one-volume narrative ever published of our highest court. With impeccable scholarship and a clear, engaging style, he tells the story of the justices and their jurisprudence--and the influence the Court has had on American politics and society. With a keen ability to explain complex legal issues for the nonspecialist, he takes us through both the great and the undistinguished Courts of our nation's history. He provides insight into our foremost justices, such as John Marshall (who established judicial review in Marbury v. Madison, an outstanding display of political calculation as well as fine jurisprudence), Roger Taney (whose legacy has been overshadowed by Dred Scott v. Sanford), Oliver Wendell Holmes, Louis Brandeis, Benjamin Cardozo, and others. He draws on evidence such as personal letters and interviews to show how the court has worked, weaving narrative details into deft discussions of the developments in constitutional law. Schwartz also examines the operations of the court: until 1935, it met in a small room under the Senate--so cramped that the judges had to put on their robes in full view of the spectators. But when the new building was finally opened, one justice called it "almost bombastically pretentious," and another asked, "What are we supposed to do, ride in on nine elephants?" He includes fascinating asides, on the debate in the first Court, for instance, over the use of English-style wigs and gowns (the decision: gowns, no wigs); and on the day Oliver Wendell Holmes announced his resignation--the same day that Earl Warren, as a California District Attorney, argued his first case before the Court. The author brings the story right up to the present day, offering balanced analyses of the pivotal Warren Court and the Rehnquist Court through 1992 (including, of course, the arrival of Clarence Thomas).In addition, he includes four special chapters on watershed cases: Dred Scott v. Sanford, Lochner v. New York, Brown v. Board of Education, and Roe v. Wade. Schwartz not only analyzes the impact of each of these epoch-making cases, he takes us behind the scenes, drawing on all available evidence to show how the justices debated the cases and how they settled on their opinions.Bernard Schwartz is one of the most highly regarded scholars of the Supreme Court, author of dozens of books on the law, and winner of the American Bar Association's Silver Gavel Award. In this remarkable account, he provides the definitive one-volume account of our nation's highest court.
  

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - gordon361 - LibraryThing

‘A History of the Supreme Court’ delivers just what it says, a chronological study of the court from John Jay to William Renquist. Each chapter focuses on the reign of a particular Chief Justice and ... Read full review

Review: A History of the Supreme Court

User Review  - Robert - Goodreads

This was a history of the Supreme Court. For those of us who are not legal scholars, this was a good history. I suspect those who study this would find this thin. I fancy myself knowledgeable about SCOTUS, and that is somewhat due to having read this about 15 years ago. Read full review

Contents

The First Court 17901801
15
Marshall Court 18011836
32
Taney Court 18371864
69
Watershed Cases Dred Scott v Sandford 1857
105
War and Reconstruction 18611877
126
Chase and Waite Courts 18641888
147
Fuller Court 18881910
174
Watershed Cases Lochner v New York 1905
190
Watershed Cases Brown v Board of Education 1954
286
Burger Court 19691986
311
Watershed Cases Roe v Wade 1973
337
Rehnquist Court 1986
362
Epilogue
378
The Justices of the Supreme Court
381
Notes
387
Bibliography
439

White and Taft Courts 19101930
203
Hughes Court 19301941
225
Stone and Vinson Courts 19411953
246
Warren Court 19531969
263

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Page 13 - The interpretation of the laws is the proper and peculiar province of the courts. A constitution is in fact, and must be, regarded by the judges as a fundamental law. It therefore belongs to them to ascertain its meaning as well as the meaning of any particular act proceeding from the legislative body.

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About the author (1993)


Bernard Schwartz is Chapman Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Tulsa, and is the author of forty books on the law and the history of the Supreme Court.

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