Science of Composting

Front Cover
Marco de Bertoldi
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 29, 1996 - Science - 1405 pages
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The European Union initially demonstrated its interest in waste in the late 70s with the progamme on Waste Recycling Research and Development. At that time composting was only present as a coordination activity and it was only later that specific research programmes in the area were within Europe which was largely instrumental in setting up a series of European conferences, seminars and work shops. Some of these have resulted in publications which have made significant contributions to developments in the understanding of composting and the use of composts. In particular the outputs from meetings in Oxford ( 1984), Udine (1986), Neresheim ( 1988) and Angers ( 1991) are worthy of note. Composting has seen significant changes since the 70s when the major thrust in Europe was using mixed municipal solid waste as a feed material. Many com posting plants which were built to use this material were closed due to the poor quality of the compost which made it very difficult to market. As a result the main areas of interest, as far as the municipa1ities are concemed, are now with biowaste and source-separated organics. This interest is apparent from the many new plants which are being constructed across Europe, and the ready market which exists for the products. In parallel with the renewed interest of the municipalities other areas, such as agriculture and the wastewater treatment industries, are also developing their own schemes.
  

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Contents

Experiences and perspectives 763
668
PLENARY SECTION 1
676
PARTA4 USE OF COMPOST 371
679
Perspectives and state of the art of composting in France
684
Composting of agricultural waste in Denmark
691
Current state and future outlook
698
The Thermie programme and composting projects in the energy
702
State of the art and perspectives for composting in the United States
714
Compost facility operating guide 126
945
Reconversion of traditional composting plants for a policy of quality
948
B RANINGER
957
Design of passively aerated compost piles
973
Respirometric techniques in the context of compost stability
982
Compost marketing trends in the United States
989
Parameters to estimate the nitrogen effect of biogenic waste
996
The natural markets for compost
999

The present situation and a new trend on composting in Japan
722
Phytohygienic aspects of composting 233
729
Structural changes to a MSW composting plant in accordance with
736
Digestion by WAASA process of optically separated waste
758
J H SKINNER
781
Utilizing composts in land management to recycle organics 413
782
The importance of waste characteristics and processing in
784
Results of laboratory and field studies on wastepaper inclusion
803
A database for I W M covering recycling and composting
822
Stabilization of hazardous wastes through biotreatment
849
Starch based biodegradable materials in the separate collection
863
Degradation of naphthalene by microorganisms isolated from
870
Composting and selected microorganisms for bioremediation
884
Bioremediation of PAHcontaminated soil
893
Minimum effective compost addition for remediation
903
Enhancement of the biological degradation of contaminated soils
913
Heavy metals removal by clinoptilolite in pepper cultivation using
924
research and practice
939
a danger for soil
1010
Monitoring strategies and safeguarding of quality standards
1011
Minimizing the cost of compost production through facility design
1020
Effect of compostfertilizer blends on crop growth 423
1023
PART A1 COMPOSTING PROCESS 47
1037
PARTB1 STARTING MATERIAL 529
1039
B3 Composting as an integrated system of waste
1043
B5 Composting design
1050
level
1094
Composting of agricultural wastes 542
1126
SHODA
1133
An evaluation of soil nutrient status following the application
1169
Production of functional compost which can suppress
1243
P B LEEGE
1329
Optimisation of anaerobically digested primary sludge as
1331
The production of compost from agricultural and municipal
1342
Glucose influence on the asymbiotic nitrogen fixation during
1429
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