The Dilemma of Siting a High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository
Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 1995 - Business & Economics - 286 pages
This book explores siting dilemmas - situations in which an "authority" (e.g., Congress, a consortium of utilities) deems it in the best interest of society to build a facility such as an incinerator, but opponents living near the proposed site thwart the plan. Facility developers typically attribute local opposition to selfishness or radically inaccurate views of the risks posed by the facility. We examine the validity of these conclusions by looking in depth at the psychological response that arises when residents are faced with the prospect of living near waste disposal facilities. The particular siting dilemma considered in this book is the problem of how to "dispose" of the high-level nuclear wastes accumulating at nuclear power plants in the United States. These wastes, in the form of "spent" fuel rods, will emit dangerous levels of radioactivity for thousands of years - anywhere between 10,000 and 100,000 years, depending on the margin of safety one adopts. The current proposal is to encase the spent fuel in corrosion-resistant canisters and then to bury these canisters deep underground in a geologic repository. The two of us became involved with the high-level waste issue in 1986 as part of an interdisciplinary research team hired by the State of Nevada. The charge of this team was to estimate the socioeconomic impacts that would accompany a repository if it were built at Yucca Mountain, approximately 100 miles northwest of Las Vegas.
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Siting a HighLevel Waste Repository
Siting a Monitored Retrievable MRS Storage Facility
PUBLIC OPPOSITION TO A REPOSITORY
Managing Local Opposition
Analysis of Public Opposition
Public Perceptions of the Proposed Repository
The Doughnut Effect
1987 amendments act analysis benefits building a repository built Carter characterization compensation Congress consensus County decision designed developer DOE's Easterling economic environmental federal government Flynn geologic disposal geologic repository Hanford high-level nuclear waste high-level waste HLNW problem HLNW repository host community impacts interim storage issue landfill Las Vegas Review-Journal Leroy licensing major national sample Nevada residents Nevada sample Nevada survey Nevada Test Site nuclear power nuclear reactors Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Waste Negotiator Nuclear Waste Policy nuclear weapons NWPA Nye County perceived risk percent political potential predictors proposed facility public acceptance radioactive waste radionuclides reactors regarding regulatory repository at Yucca repository program respondents scientific scientists secretary of energy selected siting effort siting process Slovic solution spent fuel stakeholders standards storage facility strategy suitable technical Tribe utilities voluntary vote in favor Waste Management Waste Policy Act waste problem waste repository Yucca Mountain
Page 251 - Kunreuther, Howard and Douglas Easterling (1992), "Gaining Acceptance for Noxious Facilities with Economic Incentives," in Daniel Bromley and Kathleen Segerson (eds.), The Social Response to Environmental Risk (Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers). Kunreuther, Howard, Douglas V. Easterling, William Desvousges, and Paul Slovic (1990), "Public Attitudes Toward Siting a High Level Nuclear Waste Repository in Nevada,