A century of arterial hypertension, 1896-1996
One hundred years ago arterial hypertension was not even mentioned in medical textbooks. In 1930 it was referred to as "a disease of civilisation". Today we know that it is largely responsible for cardiovascular deaths, the major cause of mortality in industrialised countries. Arterial hypertension is a singular disease entity. It is defined arbitrarily, it is closely linked to sociocutural factors and it has enormous economic impact. Hypertension was recognised as a risk factor between the two world wars. The driving force behind this recognition was financial rather than medical. The evolution of the understanding and management of hypertension reflects the profound changes that have affected twentieth century medicine. This book is the work of a multidisciplinary editorial team composed of internationally renowned experts. Originally published in French under the auspices of the French Society of Hypertension, this English edition has been acclaimed by the International Society of Hypertension. A Century of Arterial Hypertension reflects on the evolving concepts of hypertension over the past hundred years and reveals an essential yet little-known facet of modern medicine. The originality, wealth of historical documents and bibliography will make this book of interest not only to cardiologists and physicians in general, but to anyone who aspires to understand how modern medicine has achieved what it has.
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19th century abnormal adrenal gland adrenaline agents albuminuria alcohol aldosterone anatomico-clinical angiotensin antihypertensive approach arterial hypertension arterial pressure arteriosclerosis Ayman Beaujard betablockers blood pressure measurement Bright calcium antagonists cardiac enlargement cardiovascular disease cause Challamel chlorothiazide clinical clinicians concept converting enzyme coronary darsonvalisation demonstrated diet discovery diuretics doctors drug early effect electrotherapy elevation enzyme inhibitors epidemiology essential hypertension experimental Framingham study France Gallavardin gene genetic heart hydrochlorothiazide hypertensive patients hypotensive important increase insurance company physicians investigations irradiation JAMA Janeway T.C. kidney Korotkoff left ventricular hypertrophy malignant hypertension manometer measurement of blood measuring blood pressure medicine method mmHg morbidity mortality normal observed Paris pathological pharmacological pheochromocytoma physiological population Potain prognostic propranolol published pyrotherapy receptors recognised reduction relationship renin risk factors Riva-Rocci salt severe hypertension sodium sphygmograph sphygmomanometer statistics subjects surgery sympathectomy sympathetic symptoms systolic technique therapeutic therapy treated treatment of hypertension trials tumour Vaquez vascular verapamil