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Arbitration assistant average better boys British brushes carried cheap Chief Inspector child Child Labor CLEMENTINA BLACK clothing club competition Consumers cost cotton trade course deducted demand district district of England dozen drivers and conductors earn employed employers employment English evil existence fact Factory Acts factory girl Factory Inspectors girls hand high wages home worker ill paid instance Jarvis family journey labour Lancashire League less licence living wage London County Council makers meal means ment mills minimum wage Miss Moreover motor omnibus night nominal organised payment persons poor poverty profit prosperity railway received remedy Report of Chief selling price sewing shillings shirts shops Sidney Webb sweating tion trade unions underpaid underpayment Wage Boards wage earners week whole woman women Women's Industrial Council workshop young Zealand
Page 110 - We are decided in our opinion that the disorder has been supported, diffused and aggravated by the ready communication of contagion to numbers crowded together; by the accession to its virulence from putrid effluvia, and by the injury done to young persons through confinement and too long-continued labor: to which several evils the cotton mills have given occasion.
Page xviii - We do not sell our prime-ministership by Dutch auction ; nor, on the decease of a bishop, whatever may be the general advantages of simony, do we (yet) offer his diocese to the clergyman who will take the episcopacy at the lowest contract. We (with exquisite sagacity of political economy !) do indeed sell commissions, but not openly, generalships : sick, we do not inquire for a physician who takes less than a guinea ; litigious, we never think of reducing six-and-eightpence to fourand-sixpence ;...
Page 237 - ... union in preference to non-members, provided there are members of the union equally qualified with non-members to perform the particular work required to be done, and ready and willing to undertake it...
Page 111 - Apparently in consequence of this report the magistrates resolved that in future they would not allow "indentures of Parish Apprentices whereby they shall be bound to owners of cotton mills and other works in which children are obliged to work in the night, or more than ten hours in the day.
Page 148 - The American standard of living should mean, to the unskilled workman, carpets, pictures, books, and furniture with which to make home bright, comfortable, and attractive for himself and his family, an ample supply of clothing suitable for winter and summer, and above all a sufficient quantity of good wholesome, nourishing food at all times of the year.
Page 148 - ... of the year. The American standard of living, moreover, should mean to the unskilled workman, that his children be kept in school until they have attained the age of sixteen at least, and that he be enabled to lay by sufficient to maintain himself and his family in times of illness, or at the close of his industrial life when age and weakness render further work impossible, and to make provision for his family against his premature death from accident or otherwise.
Page xxiv - Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm, How shall your houseless heads and unfed sides, Your loop'd and window'd raggedness, defend you From seasons such as these ? O, I have ta'en Too little care of this ! Take physic, pomp ; Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel, That thou mayst shake the superflux to them, And show the heavens more just.
Page 110 - ... those who are under the age of fourteen ; for the active recreations of childhood and youth are necessary to the growth, the vigor and the right conformation of the human body.
Page ii - The whole spectacle of poverty, indeed, is incredible. As soon as you cease to have it before your eyes, — even when you have it before your eyes, — you can hardly believe it, and that is perhaps why so many people deny that it exists, or is much more than a superstition of the sentimentalist.