DESCRIPTIVE SEMANTICS AND SYNTAX OF MODERN SPANISH 'ESTAR' PROGRESSIVES.
Finally, the traditional (aspectual) view of the progressive is squarely confronted, and a new definition emerges: The progressive is re-defined aspectually as noninterative or actual durative. The finite verb form is now associated with clear-cut iteration (in the imperfect) as the durative/progressive concept is clarified and seen as a "dual durative," similar to the distinction in Russian of actual vs. repeated (iterative) duration. The expression of the actual durative, while an obligatory aspectual
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actual durative adverbials ahora ahorita aspect aspectual auxiliary Bello Bolinger Brazilian Portuguese Buenos Aires Bull Caracas co-occur Comrie Comrie's contrast conversational exchanges deictic describe an event dissertation dormia durative aspect emphasize English progressive entonces ESTAMOS ESTAN estd estuvo example expression finite or simple form in Spanish four corpora free conversations free variation function gerundio Gili Gaya 1961 grammatical habitual event HACIENDO imperfect progressive imperfect tense increased duration informants interviews iterative durative King and Suner language limited duration linguistic Lope Blanch Madrid Mexico corpus momento Moreno de Alba nonprogressive forms nonstative occur ongoing action Portuguese present participle present progressive preterite progressive progressive and nonprogressive progressive appears progressive construction progressive form progressive in Spanish Rallides Ramsey reference Roca Pons sentences simple form simple imperfect simple verb form Sole and Sole Spanish language Spanish progressive speaker speaking stative Stockwell and Bowen suggest Suher temporal contexts temporal restrictors Traill trans verbal construction