The CIA, the British Left, and the Cold War: Calling the Tune?
During the late 1940s the newly created CIA, in a loose alliance with anti-communist intellectuals and trade unionists, launched a massive, clandestine effort to win the Cold War allegiance of the European left. Drawing on numerous personal interviews and document collections on both sides of the Atlantic, this book examines in detail the origins of the CIA's covert campaign and assesses it's impact on the US's principal Cold War ally, Britain, focusing particularly on attempts to combat communist penetration of British trade unions, stimulate support within the Labour party for key American strategic aims, such as European union, and influence the politics of Bloomsbury literati. The results of this secret intervention were complex and far-reaching. CIA support for such ventures as the Congress for Cultural Freedom and its London-based magazine, Encounter, subtly transformed the political culture of the British left, making it more Atlanticist and less socialist. In other ways, however, the hidden hand of American intelligence failed to control its British assets, whose behaviour often frustrated their secretive patrons in Washington. For that matter, not even the CIA's agen
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ACCF ACUE ADA Papers American Committee American labour anti-communism anti-communist April Arthur Koestler Bevin Bilderberg Braden Britain British left Burnham Papers C. D. Jackson campaign CCF Papers CCF's chap Christopher Warner CIA's Cold War communist conference Congress for Cultural covert operations Crossman Cultural Cold Cultural Freedom David Williams Denis Healey Dwight Macdonald editor Encounter Europe European example Executive Committee February foreign policy FTUC Gaitskell Papers Gaitskellites Gausmann Godson Hook Papers Hugh Gaitskell ibid intelligence Irving Brown Irving Kristol Jackson Papers James Burnham James Loeb January Jay Lovestone July Labour Party Leader left-wing liberal London Lovestone Papers Lovestoneite magazine Marshall Plan Melvin Lasky Michael Josselson Nicolas Nabokov non-communist left organisation organisation's Orwell Paid the Piper political postwar propaganda publication Retinger Reuther Russell Sidney Hook social democratic socialist Sol Levitas Stephen Spender Third Force Trade Union University warfare World York intellectuals