Why Aren't More Women in Science?: Top Researchers Debate the Evidence
Stephen J. Ceci, Wendy Melissa Williams
American Psychological Association, 2007 - Psychology - 254 pages
Why aren't more women pursuing careers in science, engineering, and math? Is the lack of women in these fields a consequence of societal discouragements, innate differences in ability between the sexes, or differences in aspirations? These questions always spark a host of other questions -- and a multiplicity of answers -- all of which have important implications for gender equality and for retaining the nation's competitiveness in the technological marketplace. The most reliable and current knowledge about women's participation in science is presented in this collection of fifteen essays written by top researchers on gender differences in ability. The essayists were chosen to reflect the diversity and complexity of views on the topic, about which knowledge has been accumulating and evolving for decades. The editors provide an introduction that defines the key issues and embeds them in historical context and a conclusion that synthesizes and integrates the disparate views. Written accessibly to appeal to students and non-specialists as well as psychologists and other social scientists, the contributors reframe this key controversy and challenge readers' emotional and political biases through solid empirical science. Taken together, the introduction, essays, and conclusion make a convincing case that sex differences are neither as unambiguous as earlier researchers suggested nor as insubstantial as some current critics claim. Sex differences in career choices are definitely not inevitable, as the past thirty years have documented both a sea change in the gender makeup of various fields and fluctuations in ability-score differences between the sexes. However, as the essays make clear, such changes leave open the possibility of cultural and biological bases for today's sex differences in science, engineering, and math participation.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Women in Science
Women at the Top in Scienceand Elsewhere
Underrepresentation or Misrepresentation?
16 other sections not shown
academic achievement activities adolescents American Psychological Association androgens aptitude areas Assessment Award Baron-Cohen behavior Benbow Berenbaum biological boys brain career choices chap cognitive abilities congenital adrenal congenital adrenal hyperplasia Developmental Psychology differences in cognitive differences in mathematics differences in spatial Eccles educational effects empathizing ences essay estrogen evidence example factors fields gender differences gender gap genetic girls grades high school higher Hines human individual differences influence intellectual intelligence interests Journal Kimura learning Lubinski male and female math and science mathematical ability mental rotation meta-analysis Newcombe numbers parents performance physical sciences predicted reasoning role sample SAT-M science and engineering science and math scientific scientists sex differences sexual social spatial ability spatial skill Spelke STEM STEM fields stereotype threat stereotypes studies talent tasks testosterone tion underrepresentation University Valian variability verbal volume women in science