Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palearctic : Crows to Finches
Stanley Cramp, Christopher M. Perrins, Duncan J. Brooks
Oxford University Press, Incorporated, 1994 - Nature - 899 pages
This is eighth volume of an authoritative nine-volume reference work that covers birdlife in the whole of the Western Palearctic--including all of Europe as well as the Middle East to Turkey, Iran, and Jordan, and part of Africa. Part VIII: Crows to Finches contains 73 comprehensive species descriptions, with sections devoted to field characteristics, habitat, distribution, mortality, population, movements, food, social pattern and behavior, breeding, voice, plumages, moults, measurements, weights, structure, and geographical variation. Species include: Passeriformes, Covidae Crows and allies, Sturnidae Starlings, Passiderae Sparrows, Rock Sparrows, Snow Finches, Ploceidae Weavers and allies, Estrildidae Waxbills, Grassfinches, Mannikens, Vireonidae Vireos, Fringillidae Finches, and Carduelinae Typical Finches. Specially commissioned full-color plates show the full range of normal plumage together, eggs, and more distant flight views. Black-and-white illustrations and text-figures showing such features as display postures, voice sonograms and melograms, and annual cycles are included as well. With contributions from an internationally recognized team of experts, the Handbook is an indispensable work of reference, both for the professional scientist and for the ever-growing body of amateur ornithologists.
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The Birds of the Western Palearctic: Passerines. 2, Volume 2
D. W. Snow,C. M. Perrins
No preview available - 1998
PASSERIDAE sparrows rock sparrows snow finches
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1st adult Acrididae Algeria apparently autumn average Behaviour belly bill birds birds ringed Blotzheim breeding season broods brown brown-grey buff central chest clutches colony copulation corax Corvidae Crocq culmen Dementiev and Gladkov Diptera domesticus ear-coverts east eastern eggs especially Estrildidae feathers feeding Finland flank fledged young flight flight-feathers flocks fringes Germany gloss Goodwin greater coverts greater upper Holyoak House Sparrow incubation Iran juvenile Kazakhstan Korelov Lepidoptera less mainly mantle mate median monedula moult movements nest nest-site nestlings nominate non-breeding north-east north-west northern Orthoptera outer pairs pale Palearctic paler plumage races recorded RMNH roost rump scapulars Scarabaeidae seeds Shirihai in press shorter Siberia slightly sometimes song south-west southern Spain Sparrow streaks Summers-Smith supercilium Sweden tarsus territory tertials throat tinged trees underparts upper primary coverts upper tail-coverts upper wing-coverts upperparts Ussuriland usually Vaurie vulgaris west Palearctic winter ZFMK