Wakes of lifting propellers (rotors) in ground effect: final report

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Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, Inc., 1966 - Rotors (Helicopters) - 85 pages
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The report presents the development of a wake model for a lifting propeller (rotor) in ground effect and the computational procedure used to determine the spacial distribution of wake vorticity and the induced velocity field accompanying that vorticity distribution. Sample calculations for a two-bladed rotor were carried out on an IBM 7044 computer. Locations of wake vortical elements and the associated induced velocities at selected field points are presented for advance ratios of 0, 0.02, 0.05, and 0.10 for an H/R (ratio of rotor height above ground to rotor radius) of 1.0. Also, a few results for a hovering case with H/R = 0.5 are presented. A calculated root-mean-square velocity map is compared with measured hovering data (time averaged) and good agreement is obtained in the outer half of the slipstream. The implications of computed results with respect to the flow field at a horizontal stabilizer or tail rotor are noted as examples of the use of the model. The wake vortex model used for these calculations is a distorted continuous helix emanating from each blade tip. (Author).

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Contents

GENESIS OF THE IDEALIZED MODEL
4
RESULTS OF SAMPLE COMPUTATIONS
24
CONCLUDING REMARKS
44

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