Neighborhood Poverty, Volume 1: Context and Consequences for Children (Google eBook)
Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Greg Duncan, J. Lawrence Aber
Russell Sage Foundation, Nov 6, 1997 - Political Science - 432 pages
Perhaps the most alarming phenomenon in American cities has been the transformation of many neighborhoods into isolated ghettos where poverty is the norm and violent crime, drug use, out-of-wedlock births, and soaring school dropout rates are rampant. Public concern over these destitute areas has focused on their most vulnerable inhabitants—children and adolescents. How profoundly does neighborhood poverty endanger their well-being and development? Is the influence of neighborhood more powerful than that of the family? Neighborhood Poverty: Context and Consequences for Children approaches these questions with an insightful and wide-ranging investigation into the effect of community poverty on children's physical health, cognitive and verbal abilities, educational attainment, and social adjustment. This two-volume set offers the most current research and analysis from experts in the fields of child development, social psychology, sociology and economics. Drawing from national and city-based sources, Volume I reports the empirical evidence concerning the relationship between children and community. As the essays demonstrate, poverty entails a host of problems that affects the quality of educational, recreational, and child care services.Poor neighborhoods usually share other negative features—particularly racial segregation and a preponderance of single mother families—that may adversely affect children. Yet children are not equally susceptible to the pitfalls of deprived communities. Neighborhood has different effects depending on a child's age, race, and gender, while parenting techniques and a family's degree of community involvement also serve as mitigating factors.
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adolescents adults affluent neighbors African American analyses assessed associated behavior problems black males borhood Brooks-Gunn Census tract chapter child development child outcomes cognitive conceptual Connell contexts correlation data sets demographic developmental outcomes Duncan early adolescence educational outcomes educational risk effects of neighborhood estimates ethnic diversity Family characteristics Family concentration family economic risk family income family-level females groups high-SES neighbors home environment home learning hood IHDP included Indicates coefficient interaction Klebanov Latino living male joblessness maternal measures mediated mental health middle childhood models neigh neighborhood and community neighborhood and family neighborhood characteristics neighborhood composition neighborhood conditions neighborhood effects neighborhood factors neighborhood risk neighborhood-level NLSY NYC/B/DC parents peer percent PIAT poverty threshold preschool programs PSID regression residents risk behavior sample significant social capital social disorganization social support standard error Standard Scores structure studies tract-level twice its standard urban variables youth