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Abbeville Acheul alluded alluvial alluvium Alps Amiens ancient animals antiquity Aurignac basin beds belong Boucher de Perthes boulder clay British cave caverns century chalk CHAP cliffs climate containing Crag Cyrena delta deposits depth drift elephant elevation embedded Engis Europe EXTINCT GLACIERS extinct mammalia fauna feet thick flint hatchets flint implements flint tools fluviatile formation fossil fragments France freshwater genera geological geologists glacial period glaciers Glen Roy gravel height hippopotamus human bones inches inhabiting lake LAKE-DWELLINGS land layers Liege limestone living species loam loess lower mammalia mammoth marine shells memoir Menchecourt miles Miocene moraines mounds natural Neanderthal observed occur origin peat pliocene post-pliocene period present Prestwich Professor quadrupeds race recent region remains rhinoceros river rocks sand Schmerling Scotland seen skeleton skull Somme stalagmite stone period strata stratified submergence supposed surface Switzerland tertiary Thames theory upheaval valley
Page 100 - Brixham to the extinct animals is demonstrated not only by the occurrence at one point in overlying stalagmite of the bone of a cave-bear, but also by the discovery at the same level in the bone-earth, and in close proximity to a very perfect flint tool, of the entire left hind-leg of a cave-bear. This specimen, which was shown me by Dr. Falconer and Mr. Pengelly, was exhumed from the earthy deposit in the reindeer gallery, near its junction with the flint-knife gallery, at the distance of about...
Page 415 - I have stated in the first chapter, that at whatever age a variation first appears in the parent, it tends to re-appear at a corresponding age in the offspring. Certain variations can only appear at corresponding . ages ; for instance, peculiarities in the caterpillar, cocoon, or imago states of the silk-moth : or, again, in the full-grown horns of 'cattle.
Page 480 - Their posterior developement is so marked that anatomists have assigned to that part the character of a third lobe ; it is peculiar to the genus Homo, and equally peculiar is the "posterior horn of the " lateral ventricle " and the hippocampus minor which characterise the hind lobe of each hemisphere.
Page 167 - The manner in which they lie would lead to the persuasion that it was a place of their manufacture and not of their accidental deposit; and the numbers of them were so great that the man who carried on the brick-work told me that, before he was aware of their being objects of curiosity, he had emptied baskets full of them into the ruts of the adjoining road.
Page 2 - Falconer, of the Brixham Cave, must, I think, have prepared you to admit that scepticism in regard to the cave-evidence in favour of the antiquity of man had previously been pushed to an extreme.
Page 412 - ... community of descent is the hidden bond which naturalists have been unconsciously seeking, and not some unknown plan of creation, or the enunciation of general propositions, and the mere putting together and separating objects more or less alike.
Page 9 - Scotch fir was afterwards supplanted by the sessile variety of the common oak, of which many prostrate trunks occur in the peat at higher levels than the pines ; and still higher the pedunculated variety of the same oak (Quercus Robur L.) occurs with the alder, birch (Betula verrucoBa Ehrh.), and hazel.
Page 166 - They are, I think, evidently weapons of war, fabricated and used by a people who had not the use of metals. They lay in great numbers at the depth of about twelve feet, in a stratified soil, which was dug into for the purpose of raising clay for bricks.
Page 2 - ... heretofore imagined. On the other hand, extreme reluctance was naturally felt on the part of scientific reasoners to admit the validity of such evidence, seeing that so many caves have been inhabited by a succession of tenants, and have been selected by man, as a place not only of domicile, but of sepulture, while some caves have also served as the channels through which the waters of...