Ideology, Policy, and Practice: Education for Immigrants and Minorities in Israel Today
Systems of state education are a crucial means for realizing the state’s focal aspiration of guaranteeing solidarity and civil loyalty (Van Kemenade, 1985 pp. 854ff. ). The means at hand include the state’s structuring and organization of schooling, determination of what education is compulsory, examinations that decide admittance to institutions of secondary and tertiary education, the design of educational aids, curricula, textbooks, didactic methods, and the general distribution of resources to schools. A further apparatus is that of teacher education and the regulations for appointment to the schools and remuneration (van Kemenade, 1985, p. 850). There are indications that the issue of equality and equity for all in education is a dilemma prevalent in systems of state education, among others, because the advancement of equity is liable to interfere with the state’s main goal. It is highly likely that the failing does not derive from contingent misund- standings, but rather from systemic contradictions. With this in mind, this book suggests a broad-spectrum approach to understanding how state education gets done, so to speak, and what in the process seems to obstruct impartiality. The case that I will examine is that of the state system of education in Israel. Underlying the study is the sociological assumption that an analysis of how one state system works is likely to bear a message that can be generalized.
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Education for Immigrants and Minorities in the World
Theoretical Concerns and Their Implications
Ideology as aNational Project in Israel
Policies that Rely on Ideology Enacting Legislation
Celebrating Accomplishments Publicizing the Fulfillment
Ideology Transmuted Proclaiming Educational Goals
DIFFERENTIATION AND PERFORMANCE
Pupils from Russia and the Former Soviet Union in the Israeli
Can it be Democratic? Children
Appendix A Immigrants by Period of Immigration and Last Continent
according achievements activities aliya Arab education Bedouin Beta Israel Center central Chapter citizens of Israel classrooms collective committee countries of origin culture curriculum democratic Diaspora discussions Druze educational system ensure Ethiopian children Ethiopian Jews families foreign workers goals Government Yearbook grade groups Ha’aretz Hebrew language immigrant children immigrant pupils Immigration and Absorption important inspectors institutions Israeli Arabs Jerusalem Jewish Agency Jewish community Jewish immigrants Judaism Knesset Record language of instruction Law of Return learning living matriculation Minister Ministry of Education minority multicultural Muslim native-born needs official ideology ofthe olim organized Palestine Palestinian parents party pedagogical political population practices primary school principal programs religion religious Russian immigrants secondary school settlements Six Day War social integration Soviet Union state’s structure Supplementary Circular teachers teaching temporary immigrant workers Ulpan veteran Yishuv Youth Village Zionist