Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Informal Logic

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 2001 - Computers - 148 pages
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Chapters 1-12 of this volume contain the papers on infonnal logic and argumentation that I've published and/or read at conferences over the last 17 years. These papers are reproduced here pretty much unchanged from their first appearance; it is my intention that their appearance here constitute a record of my positions and arguments at the time of their original publication or delivery. I've made minor changes in fonnat, in the style of references, etc., for the sake of consistency; I've also corrected typographical errors and the like. The only extensive changes in wording occur in the last few pages of Chapter 7, and were made only to enable the reader to see more clearly what I was getting at in my first attempt to write about the notion of coherence. Chapter 13 was written expressly for this volume. It looks retrospectively at the contents of the first 12 chapters and attempts to highlight the unifying themes that run through them. It also revisits the ideas about dialectic that occupied my first in light of later developments in my thinking but also re paper, reworking them emphasizing themes about which I've tended to remain silent in the last few years.
  

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Contents

DIALECTIC AND THE STRUCTURE OF ARGUMENT
1
2 PRESUMPTION AND BURDEN OF PROOF
2
3 DO THERE HAVE TO BE OBJECTIVE STANDARDS FOR ASSESSING ARGUMENTS?
4
4 CONCLUSION
8
GENERALIZING THE NOTION OF ARGUMENT
10
1 DOXASTIC ATTITUDES OTHER THAN BELIEF
11
2 PROPOSITIONAL ATTITUDES OTHER THAN DOXASTIC ATTITUDES
15
3 NONPROPOSITIONAL OBJECT OF CONSCIOUS ATTITUDES
17
3 IS THE UNDERSTANDING OF A DOMAIN SUSCEPTIBLE OF PROPOSITIONAL OR SENTENTIAL REPRESENTATION?
75
4 UNDERSTANDING COHERENCE AND RATIONALITY
78
LOGICAL FORM AND THE LINK BETWEEN PREMISSES AND CONCLUSION
81
2 SEMANTIC ENTAILMENTS
85
3 INDUCTIVE INFERENCES AND GOODMANS PARADOX
89
4 THE EFFECT OF PRAGMATIC CONSIDERATIONS ON THE VALIDITY OF INDUCTIVE GENERALIZATION
95
5 CONCLUSION
96
ARGUMENT SCHEMES AND THE EVALUATION OF PRESUMPTIVE REASONING
98

FURTHER QUESTIONS
19
LOGIC EPISTEMOLOGY AND ARGUMENT APPRAISAL
21
2 APPRAISING PREMISES
23
3 SUITABILITY OF INFERENTIAL LINK
26
4 CONCLUSION
31
THE RELATION OF ARGUMENT TO INFERENCE
32
2 INFERENCE
39
3 LOGICAL PRAGMATICS ARGUMENTATION THEORY AND THE EVALUATION OF INFERENCE
43
INCONSISTENCY RATIONALITY AND RELATIVISM
46
2 HOW SERIOUS A FAULT IS INCONSISTENCY?
49
3 WHEN IS IT REASONABLE TO TOLERATE INCONSISTENCY?
51
4 WHAT ABOUT RELATIVISM
54
POST HOC ERGO PROPTER HOC
56
LOGIC COHERENCE AND PSYCHOLOGY
64
LOGIC COHERENCE AND PSYCHOLOGY REVISITED
73
2 UNDERSTANDING A DOMAIN AS NECESSARY BACKGROUND OF ANY REASONING
74
2 ARE THERE NORMATIVE ARGUMENT SCHEMES?
100
PRESUMPTION AND ARGUMENT SCHEMES
105
2 ARGUMENT SCHEMES
108
3 DO ARGUMENT SCHEMES HAVE NORMATIVE FORCE?
109
4 WHAT IS THE POINT OF IDENTIFYING ARGUMENT SCHEMES?
111
COGNITIVE SCIENCE AND THE FUTURE OF RATIONAL CRITICISM
113
2 WHAT IF THE ELIMINATIVISTS ARE RIGHT?
117
LOGIC DIALECTIC AND THE PRACTICE OF RATIONAL CRITICISM
126
2 THE NATURE OF THE UNDERTAKING TO WHICH THESE PAPERS ARE DEVOTED
128
3 REVISITING DIALECTIC AND THE STRUCTURE OF ARGUMENT THE ROLE OF DIALECTIC
130
4 REVISITING DIALECTIC AND THE STRUCTURE OF ARGUMENT RELATIVISM
134
5 CONCLUSION
140
REFERENCES
141
INDEX
145
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Robert C. Pinto is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Windsor. He is the author (with J. A. Blair) of Reasoning: A Practical Guide (P1993).

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