Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Informal Logic
Chapters 1-12 of this volume contain the papers on infonnal logic and argumentation that I've published and/or read at conferences over the last 17 years. These papers are reproduced here pretty much unchanged from their first appearance; it is my intention that their appearance here constitute a record of my positions and arguments at the time of their original publication or delivery. I've made minor changes in fonnat, in the style of references, etc., for the sake of consistency; I've also corrected typographical errors and the like. The only extensive changes in wording occur in the last few pages of Chapter 7, and were made only to enable the reader to see more clearly what I was getting at in my first attempt to write about the notion of coherence. Chapter 13 was written expressly for this volume. It looks retrospectively at the contents of the first 12 chapters and attempts to highlight the unifying themes that run through them. It also revisits the ideas about dialectic that occupied my first in light of later developments in my thinking but also re paper, reworking them emphasizing themes about which I've tended to remain silent in the last few years.
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DIALECTIC AND THE STRUCTURE OF ARGUMENT
2 PRESUMPTION AND BURDEN OF PROOF
3 DO THERE HAVE TO BE OBJECTIVE STANDARDS FOR ASSESSING ARGUMENTS?
GENERALIZING THE NOTION OF ARGUMENT
1 DOXASTIC ATTITUDES OTHER THAN BELIEF
2 PROPOSITIONAL ATTITUDES OTHER THAN DOXASTIC ATTITUDES
3 NONPROPOSITIONAL OBJECT OF CONSCIOUS ATTITUDES
3 IS THE UNDERSTANDING OF A DOMAIN SUSCEPTIBLE OF PROPOSITIONAL OR SENTENTIAL REPRESENTATION?
4 UNDERSTANDING COHERENCE AND RATIONALITY
LOGICAL FORM AND THE LINK BETWEEN PREMISSES AND CONCLUSION
2 SEMANTIC ENTAILMENTS
3 INDUCTIVE INFERENCES AND GOODMANS PARADOX
4 THE EFFECT OF PRAGMATIC CONSIDERATIONS ON THE VALIDITY OF INDUCTIVE GENERALIZATION
ARGUMENT SCHEMES AND THE EVALUATION OF PRESUMPTIVE REASONING
LOGIC EPISTEMOLOGY AND ARGUMENT APPRAISAL
2 APPRAISING PREMISES
3 SUITABILITY OF INFERENTIAL LINK
THE RELATION OF ARGUMENT TO INFERENCE
3 LOGICAL PRAGMATICS ARGUMENTATION THEORY AND THE EVALUATION OF INFERENCE
INCONSISTENCY RATIONALITY AND RELATIVISM
2 HOW SERIOUS A FAULT IS INCONSISTENCY?
3 WHEN IS IT REASONABLE TO TOLERATE INCONSISTENCY?
4 WHAT ABOUT RELATIVISM
POST HOC ERGO PROPTER HOC
LOGIC COHERENCE AND PSYCHOLOGY
LOGIC COHERENCE AND PSYCHOLOGY REVISITED
2 UNDERSTANDING A DOMAIN AS NECESSARY BACKGROUND OF ANY REASONING
2 ARE THERE NORMATIVE ARGUMENT SCHEMES?
PRESUMPTION AND ARGUMENT SCHEMES
2 ARGUMENT SCHEMES
3 DO ARGUMENT SCHEMES HAVE NORMATIVE FORCE?
4 WHAT IS THE POINT OF IDENTIFYING ARGUMENT SCHEMES?
COGNITIVE SCIENCE AND THE FUTURE OF RATIONAL CRITICISM
2 WHAT IF THE ELIMINATIVISTS ARE RIGHT?
LOGIC DIALECTIC AND THE PRACTICE OF RATIONAL CRITICISM
2 THE NATURE OF THE UNDERTAKING TO WHICH THESE PAPERS ARE DEVOTED
3 REVISITING DIALECTIC AND THE STRUCTURE OF ARGUMENT THE ROLE OF DIALECTIC
4 REVISITING DIALECTIC AND THE STRUCTURE OF ARGUMENT RELATIVISM
appraisal of arguments arguing argument appraisal argument or inference argument schemes argumentation theory arguments and inferences assessment attempt belief Blair burden of proof causal Chapter Churchland claim cognitive community coherence concede conception considerations context create a presumption critical practice critical questions deductively valid dialectical interchange dialogue domain Doug Walton doxastic attitudes Eemeren and Grootendorst eliminative materialism emeralds epistemic relativism epistemic standards epistemology evaluation evidence example fact fallacy labels false formal logic Goodman's Goodman's paradox Govier grue hypothesis idea inconsistency inductive inductive reasoning inferential link informal logic issue kind logical analogy logical form matter nondoxastic normative notion objects paper Paul Churchland Pinto post hoc reasoning preface paradox premiss acceptability premisses and conclusion presumption policies presumptive reasoning principle propositional attitudes propositional content rational relative to persons role rules sample semantic entailments set of epistemic sort story theory things tradition true truth understanding Walton