Labour Market Programmes for the Poor in Europe: Pitfalls, Dilemmas and How to Avoid Them
In 1991-92, the European Commission launched a call for research proposals in the context of the Third European Poverty Programme. One of the priority themes was the analysis of 'contradictions and perverse effects of public policies' from a perspective of combating poverty and social exclusion. This book is the result of a multidisciplinary research project in this field: it gives a critical assessment of the accessibility and effectiveness of labour market policies, mainly based on experiences from five EU countries (Belgium, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, and the United Kingdom). The book also discusses the consistency of targeted labour market policies with general, macro-economic policies. It ends with a set of concrete policy proposals for national as well as European labour market policy-makers.
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The labour market situation of the poor in Europe
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active labour market Belgium beneficiaries chapter countries d'insertion deadweight deadweight losses Denmark disabled disadvantaged groups economic eligibility employed employers employment initiatives Europe European evaluation example force M I G1 funding G1 M I lab grammes guidance household integration job-seekers labour force labour market policies labour market programmes less long-term unemployed long-term unemployment Luxembourg M I G1 M I measures MIG-receivers motivation needs Nicaise e.a. offer organisations part-time participants perverse effects placement ployed ployment poor positive discrimination poverty poverty threshold priority problem projects qualifications rates recruitment registered regular labour market reinsertion reintegration Revenu minimum d'insertion selection social assistance social exclusion social protection social security social workshops specific stigma effects strategies substitution substitution effects target groups tion training courses training programmes training schemes Type of programme unem unempl unemployment benefit unemployment insurance wage subsidies workers youngsters