Information Seeking and Subject Representation: An Activity-theoretical Approach to Information Science
Information science has for a long time been drawing on the knowledge produced in psychology and related fields. This is reasonable, for the central issue in information science concerns individual users navigating information spaces such as libraries, databases, and the Internet. Because information science is about the definition and location of information, information seeking is the fundamental problem in information science, while other problems, such as document representation, are subordinate. This book proposes a general theory of information seeking as a theoretical basis for information science. The volume begins with an examination of subject representation and retrieval. It then considers subject analysis and the organization of knowledge, the interpretational processes by which documents are analyzed, and their explicit subject retrieval data are created. Existing theories are then criticized from four epistemological perspectives, and the author argues that information science should be based on methodological collectivism, in which society, rather than the individual, determines the meaning of knowledge. The work then analyzes information seeking as a methodologically collectivistic activity.
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Subject Analysis and Knowledge Organization
The Concept of Subject or Subject Matter and Basic
Methodological Consequences for Information Science
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abstract activity theory analyzed approach basic behavior bibliographic bibliometric classification cognitive cognitivism communication concept of information concept of subject concrete connected criteria databases descriptors Dewey disciplinary discourse communities discussed document domain analysis empiricism epistemic communities epistemological evaluation example exist explicit field formulate function fundamental given hermeneutics human idealistic implies important indexing information needs information retrieval information science information sources information specialist information systems information-seeking instance interpretation John Dewey kind knowledge domains knowledge organization language librarian library and information linguistics literature meaning methodological individualism methods paradigm perspective philosophy point of view positivist possible potential pragmatic principles problem properties psychology question references relation relevant represents role scientific classification scientific realism scientists seeking semantic social social constructivism sociology specific structure studies subject access points subject analysis subject data subject description subject matter subject representation subject searching subjective idealism theoretical things